You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.

    Volume 9, Issue 3 (March 2012)

    Durability of Cold-Bent Insulating-Glass Units

    (Received 9 June 2011; accepted 9 November 2011)

    Published Online: 01 March 2012


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (4.7M) 26 $25   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    Architectural influences upon the commercial building industry have resulted in the design and development of high-performing complex curtain walls that may include bent or warped glass. Glass on modern day curtain-wall projects is mostly insulating glass (IG). When an IG is bent out of plane, a shearing action occurs to both the primary and secondary seals. The testing described in this paper was done to determine the effect on the durability of the IG as measured by argon retention, frost point change, and visual changes after aging in a displaced condition. Full-size IG units, 5 × 10 ft2 × 1 in. (1.52 × 3.05 m2 × 25.4 mm), were fabricated, bent out of plane at 2–12 in. (50–300 mm) in 2-in. (50-mm) increments, and placed under a 100-psf (4788-Pa) wind load. One unit was displaced 15 in. (380 mm) where breakage occurred. An assessment was made based on the data as to what would be a reasonable amount of bending to avoid excessive glass stress and to avoid breakage. This full-size unit was then modeled and measured to predict and validate the stresses and strains on the primary and secondary seals. Upon completion of the bending tests and the review of modeling, small IG units 14 × 20 in.2 (350 × 500 mm2) were tested according to the protocol specified in ASTM E2188-10 and E2190-10 with an equivalent amount of edge-seal displacement in X, Y, and Z directions. Argon-retention and frost-point measurements were taken before and after the durability testing and results reported. During the durability testing, the glass of several of the units broke in thermal cycling because of high local stresses in the glass. However, the units that did survive the aging protocol passed both frost-point and argon-retention tests, while maintaining their appearance. Additionally, the methodology developed in this research provides a strong foundation for future testing in the area of cold-bent glass durability.

    Author Information:

    Besserud, Keith
    Associate Studio Head, SOM, Chicago, IL

    Bergers, Matt
    R&D Manager, Viracon Inc., Owatonna, MN

    Black, Andrew J.
    Sr. Mechanical Engineer, Permasteelisa NA, Mendota Heights, MN

    Carbary, Lawrence Donald
    Industry Scientist, Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, MI

    Mazurek, Arkadiusz
    Structural Engineer, SOM, Chicago, IL

    Misson, Donald
    Structural Engineer, Permasteelisa NA, Mendota Heights, MN

    Rubis, Kenneth
    Technical Service Specialist, Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, MI

    Stock #: JAI104120


    DOI: 10.1520/JAI104120

    Title Durability of Cold-Bent Insulating-Glass Units
    Symposium ,
    Committee E06