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    Volume 41, Issue 2 (March 2018)

    Design, Use, and Interpretation of an Instrumented Flat Dilatometer Test

    (Received 20 March 2017; accepted 8 August 2017)

    Published Online: 2018

    CODEN: GTJODJ

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    Abstract

    The flat dilatometer test (DMT) has been increasingly used as a routine geotechnical site characterization tool in numerous parts of the world for over 30 years. In the meantime, with the rapidly growing metal 3D printing technique, engineers now can design robust, durable devices that are impossible to make by traditional means. This paper presents the development of an instrumented dilatometer (idilatometer) that has continuous measurements of a piston expansion up to 2.35 mm and pore pressure at the piston center with the assistance of a metal 3D printing technique. A field-testing program consisting of an instrumented flat dilatometer test (iDMT), a DMT, and a cone penetration test (CPT) positioned 1 m apart from each other was carried out in a site in Belgium composed of soil that ranged from silty sands to sandy silts. Interpretation techniques are provided to evaluate the test results, such as the conceptual contact pressure pc based on the full pressure-displacement curve in the iDMT as an alternative for p0 in the DMT. The pressure required for a 0.56-mm piston expansion is found to be equivalent to that of a 1.1-mm central membrane displacement, based on a finite element method (FEM) simulation approach with the assumption of linear elastic soils and a modified displacement boundary. A comparison made between test results from the iDMT, the DMT, and the CPT shows reasonable trends and suggests the use of the iDMT in future soil investigation.

    Author Information:

    Shen, Hao
    Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent University, Zwijnaarde,

    Haegeman, Wim
    Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent University, Zwijnaarde,

    Peiffer, Herman
    Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent University, Zwijnaarde,


    Stock #: GTJ20170090

    ISSN:0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20170090

    Author
    Title Design, Use, and Interpretation of an Instrumented Flat Dilatometer Test
    Symposium ,
    Committee D18