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A prediction model of vibration-induced settlement on granular soils was developed using multifactorial experimental design (MED). Major factors affecting vibration-induced settlement such as vibration amplitude, deviatoric stress, confining pressure, soil gradation, duration of vibration, moisture content, and relative density were considered in this study.
To accommodate all these factors, a special vibratory frame was designed to shake a soil specimen within a triaxial cell. MED allowed the authors to investigate the effect of many factors affecting vibration-induced settlement using a relatively small number of experiments. Detailed procedures for applying MED are discussed.
Low to medium vibration amplitudes with peak particle velocities ranging from 2.5 to 18 mm/s were evaluated for the settlement potential assessment. The most significant factors affecting vibration-induced settlement were vibration amplitude, confining pressure, and deviatoric stress. At a given vibration amplitude, the settlement was substantially reduced with increasing confining pressure. Vibration-induced settlement was affected by the stress anisotropy, and maximum settlement occurred at a given confining pressure in the range of earth pressure coefficients between 0.45 and 0.6.
Professor of civil engineering, Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon,
Research engineer, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY
Stock #: GTJ11021J