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Developments to a pneumatically operated simple shear apparatus for dry granular materials allowing application of cyclic shear and normal stresses are described. Boundary transducers were of only limited success for stress measurement so a prediction method for complete description of the stress state was used. Tests on uniform crushed limestone of 1.5- and 3-mm nominal sizes showed that increased volumetric strains were developed under cyclic normal stress and bidirectional shearing. Shear strains were not much influenced by cyclic application of the normal stress.
Geotechnical engineer, Knight Dames & Moore, Durban,
Professor of civil engineering, University Park, Nottingham,
Stock #: GTJ10632J