(Received 22 February 1974; accepted 3 May 1974)
Published Online: 1975
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As a reaction to the tradition of corruption and reward (“to the victor belongs the spoils”) in the distribution of governmental jobs, a civil service system has developed which regulates the granting of millions of such jobs. Basic qualifications are established for positions (age, education, physical size, special skills). Those eligible then take a written examination; a common practice is to allow a hiring authority to pick among the top three candidates on the basis of the test scores, allowing for some flexibility. In some jurisdictions, veterans are given an arbitrary number of points to add to test scores so that in some cases, the veteran applicant automatically will outscore the nonveteran. In the state of New Jersey , applicants are placed on eligible lists in the following order: (1) disabled veterans, (2) veterans, and (3) others.
Professor of psychiatry and of community medicine, Rutgers Medical School, College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, N.J.
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