ASTM WK74980

    New Test Method for Evaluating Wind Safety and Durability of Market Umbrellas

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    Developed by Subcommittee: F15.79 | Committee F15 | Contact Staff Manager


    1. Scope

    1. Scope 1.1 These practices are intended for evaluating MU to determine the suitability of the MU in a use environment on the basis wind safety and durability. 1.1.1 Procedure A is a safety scenario intended to test the structural strength of the MU to a uniform wind force generated by a wind tunnel. 1.1.2 Procedure B is a durability scenario intended to determine the ability of the MU to perform in a high wind weather environment for a sustained period. 1.1.3 The performance of the MU is then rated using the Beaufort Scale, as shown in Annex A1, to communicate the safety and durability performance of the MU. 1.2 These practices apply to most MUs designed for use in home setting such as pool or patio areas, recreation areas such as the beach, pool or tennis courts and business settings such as theme parks, water parks, resort pools, hotels, restaurants, cafs and other business settings. 1.3 The values as stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are given for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety precautions are given in Section 7.


    Market Umbrella, Wind Tunnel, Safety, Durability


    The deleterious effects of a Market Umbrellas being blow over or broken by wind forces can range from acute injury, such as cuts or bruises to blunt force trauma, such as concussions or broken bones and in some cases death. US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) indicates that more than 31,000 people were treated in hospitals for umbrella-related injuries between 2008 and 2017. Such incidences have occurred from the beaches of Hawaii to Florida at hotels, pools, parks, restaurants and other tourist destinations across the globe creating physical harm to individuals that is likely preventable with standards that addresses the wind performance and durability of these products. The lack of any voluntary standard for the safe performance of Market Umbrellas puts millions of consumers and employees around the world at risk unnecessarily.

    The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.

    Citing ASTM Standards
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    Work Item Status

    Date Initiated:

    Technical Contact:
    Ben Favret


    F15 (21-05)

    Ballot Item Approved


    COS (21-08)

    Ballot Item Approved as F3512-2021 and Pending Publication