1.1 This is a fire-test-response standard. 1.2 These test methods are designed for the assessment of the resistance of upholstered furniture component assemblies to combustion after exposure to smoldering cigarettes under specified conditions. 1.3 These tests apply to upholstered furniture components: cover fabrics, barrier materials, resilient filling materials, and decking materials. 1.4 The individual test methods and the materials to which they apply are as follows: 1.4.1 Cover Fabric Test--Applies to outer cover fabrics. 1.4.2 Barrier Materials Test--Applies to materials (film, fabric, batting, or pad) that are intended to serve as a barrier (or interliner) beneath cover fabrics. 1.4.3 Resilient Filling Material Test--Applies to resilient filling materials used in upholstered seating furniture. 1.4.4 Decking Material Test--Applies to resilient materials used in the deck under loose cushions. 1.5 Units--The values stated in inch-pounds units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered 1.6 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, See Section 9.
Keywordscigarette; component materials; furniture; ignition; resistance; upholstered
In 2013, the California Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation (BEAR HFTI) adopted Technical Bulletin 117-2013 (TB117-2013) and made it a flammability requirement for residential upholstered furniture sold in the State of California. Furniture items manufactured in California and in many other U.S. states, as well as items manufactured outside the U.S., are now commonly constructed to be in compliance with TB117-2013. Despite wide use, there have been questions about the TB117-2013 testing set-up and procedures, standard materials used in the TB117-2013 test protocols, and benchtop to large scale correlation.
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