1.1 The purpose of a guide (a type of ASTM standard) is to offer guidance based on a consensus of viewpoints but not to establish a standard of practice to follow in all cases. This guide offers recommendations for collecting, managing, reporting, and accessing data associated with the process of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas development in North America. It is the long-term objective of this Guide that as recommendations presented herein are implemented, tried, and tested through the maturing execution of the hydraulic fracturing processes, standardized best practices will evolve and can be documented. 1.2 The ultimate goal of any data collection and management exercise is to facilitate information exchange and decision making associated with the activity that generates the data. The recommendations presented herein for the appropriate collection, management, reporting, and sharing of data associated with hydraulic fracturing are intended to allow stakeholders the ability to share information and make decisions for the safe and responsible execution of hydraulic fracturing activities. This Guide is focused on the process of hydraulic fracturing which is used to enhance the ability to recover oil and gas from a geologic formation. The definition of hydraulic fracturing on which this Guide is based is presented in Section 3. The description of the life cycle of an oil and gas development well in which the hydraulic fracturing process is applied is presented in Section 5. There are many aspects of oil and gas development which are not covered in this Guide and while the recommendations presented herein may be applicable to other aspects of oil and gas development, the User of this Guide is cautioned against the broad application of this guide to unintended applications. 1.3 The recommendations presented in this Guide were developed as a result of: i) conducting a broad review of the oil and gas development well life cycle that utilizes the hydraulic fracturing process; ii) reviewing Promulgated and Draft versions of state and federal regulations related to hydraulic fracturing operations that existed at the time of the development of this Guide; iii) informal interviews with state regulators, industry association representatives, technical and scientific representatives, data management experts, and public interest group representatives; iv) reviewing currently recognized best practices for data collection, management, reporting, and accessibility; v) identifying gaps that exist between data needs and requirements among various stakeholders. Recommendations are made to strengthen the data reporting and information delivery activities based on state-of-the-art technology and current best practices. New or supplementary Practice Standards for data collection, management, reporting, and delivery may be needed in the future as the hydraulic fracturing industry matures, public and regulatory needs for data and information evolve, and as technology advances.
KeywordsReporting; Data Management; Data; Information; Hydraulic Fracturing; Well Stimulation; Oil and Gas; Oil and Gas Development; Exploration; Production; Data Specification; Reporting Specification; Public Safety, Public Welfare; Public Health; Source Water; Resources; Proppants; Injection Wells; Well Casing; Cementing; Pipes; Pipe Emissions; Air Quality; Methane; Flowback Water; Waste Water; ponds; pits; water trucks; truck traffic; state agencies; state oil and gas boards; state water boards; local jurisdictions; government; regulations, legislation; eforms; STRONGER, GWPC, IOGCC, Marcellus Coalition, NGOs, Site Infrastructure; Permitting; Site Investigation; Reclamation; Closure; Water Supply Well, Residential Water Wells; Site Construction; Erosion, Dust Control, Aquifers, Natural Gas; Unconventional Gas; Earthquakes; Seismic; Leakage; Fractures; Radioactive Materials; Noise Levels; Laboratories; US EPA; BLM; Pipe Failures; Pipe Emissions; API; DOE; NPDES; Radionuclide; NORM; UIC, hydrocarbons; TPH; metals; Drilling; Horizontal Wells; Lateral Wells; PDCA; Induced Seismicity; Geospatial; GIS; database; data warehouse; web; web site; web page; portal; ad hoc; query; interface.
This document will provide guidance on data collection, management, and reporting that can be used by various stakeholders including operators, consulting engineers/contractors, regulatory/permitting agencies, surface and subsurface land owners, legislators, scientist/ academics, and the general public to support decision making efforts in the above categories, and others as appropriate. The main stakeholders who have the ability to influence data and information delivery : oil and gas operators and their subcontractors (including service companies);local, state, federal governmental agencies; third party vendors of data management and/or reporting applications/systems. Other stakeholders include the users of the data and information delivery such as surface and subsurface landowners, scientist/academics, consulting engineers/contactors, IT/software consultants/vendors and the general public.Consistent approaches to data collection, management, and evaluation within a given jurisdiction is necessary to support decision making efforts that affect the design and implementation of an effective and safe oil and gas development operation. Decisions that typically are made during the well life-cycle fall into three broad categories: Planning and permitting; Regulatory compliance (with permit and regulatory conditions); Impacts to human health and the environmentBack to Top