ASTM F406-09

    Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety specification establishes testing requirements for structural integrity and performance requirements for non-full-size cribs/play yards, both rigid sided and mesh/fabric assemblies. It also provides requirements for labeling and instructional material. The term unit or product will refer to a non-full-size crib/play yard.

    1.2 This specification covers a framed enclosure with a floor made for the purpose of providing sleeping and playing accommodations for a child who cannot climb out and is less than 35 in. (890 mm) in height. It also covers bassinet, changing table, or similar attachments to a non-full size crib/play yard. These attachments shall also comply with the applicable requirements of ASTM standards addressing those attachments. For example, a changing table that attaches to a play yard shall also comply with the applicable requirements in Specification F 2388. This specification does not cover inflatable products.

    1.3 No product produced after the approval date of this consumer safety specification shall, either by label or other means, indicate compliance with this specification unless it conforms to all applicable requirements contained herein, before and after all testing.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1—This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:

    Referenced Documents2
    ASTM Standards2.1
    Federal Regulations2.4
    Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.1
    Corner Post3.1.4
    Dynamic Load3.1.6
    Foldable Side or End3.1.8
    Manufacturer's Recommended Use Position3.1.9
    Mesh/Fabric Crib3.1.12
    Nonpaper Label3.1.13
    Paper Label3.1.15
    Rigid Sided Crib3.1.17
    Static Load3.1.19
    Stationary Side3.1.20
    Structural Failure3.1.22
    Calibration and Standardization4
    General Requirements5
    Scissoring, Shearing, or Pinching5.7
    Latching and Locking Mechanisms5.9
    Protective Components5.11
    Cord Length5.14
    Coil Springs5.15
    Performance Requirements for Rigid Sided Units6
    Vertical Impact Testing6.2
    Mattress Support Testing6.2.1
    Side or End Testing, or Both6.2.2
    Mattress Support System Testing6.3
    Side(s) or End(s) Latch Testing, or Both6.4
    Dropside Latch Testing6.4.1
    Foldable Side or End Latch Testing6.4.2
    Plastic Teething Rail6.5
    Performance Requirements for Mesh/Fabric Units7
    Height of Sides7.1
    Side Deflection and Strength7.2
    Floor Strength7.3
    Top Rail Covering Material7.4
    Mesh Requirements7.5
    Mesh Openings7.5.1
    Mesh Strength7.5.2
    Fabric Material Requirements7.6
    Fabric Strength7.6.1
    Mesh/Fabric Assembly Requirements7.7
    Sewn Assembly7.7.1
    Seam Strength7.7.2
    Mesh/Fabric Attachment Strength7.7.3
    Test Methods8
    Mattress Support Impact Test for Rigid Sided Cribs8.1
    Side or End Impact Test, or Both, for Rigid Sided Cribs8.2
    Dropside Impact Test8.2.2
    Dropside Static Test8.2.3
    Stationary Side or Foldable Side Impact Test8.2.4
    Stationary Side or Foldable Side Static Test8.2.5
    Mattress Support System Test for Rigid Sided Cribs8.3
    Side or End Latch Test, or Both, for Rigid Sided Cribs8.4
    Test Method for Dropside Latch8.4.2
    Procedure for Vertical Dropside Latch Tests8.4.3
    Procedure for Horizontally Hinged Dropside Latch Test8.4.4
    Test Procedure for Latches to Prevent Folding of a Foldable Side or End8.4.5
    Plastic Teething Rail Test for Rigid Sided Cribs8.5
    Procedure for Plastic Teething Rail Test8.5.2
    Side Deflection and Strength Tests for Mesh/Fabric Cribs8.6
    Floor Strength Test for Mesh/Fabric Cribs8.7
    Locking Mechanism Test8.8
    Dropside Locking Device Test Method8.8.1
    Folding Latch Test Method8.8.2
    Mesh Opening Test8.9
    Test for Strength of Mesh and Integrity of Attachment8.10
    Mesh/Fabric Attachment Strength Test Method8.11
    Test for Stability of Product8.12
    Permanency of Labels and Warnings8.13
    Removal of Protective Components8.16
    Torque Test8.16.3
    Tension Test8.16.4
    Vinyl Thickness Measurement8.17
    Test for Attachment of Storage Pouch or Other Parts with Printed Warnings8.18
    Cord Length Test Method8.19
    Entrapment Tests8.21
    False Latch8.22
    Marking and Labeling9
    Warning Statements9.2
    Instructional Literature10
    Warning Statements10.1.2
    Water Mattress Use10.3.3

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1424 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus

    D1683 Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Apparel Fabrics

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

    F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    F1004 Consumer Safety Specification for Expansion Gates and Expandable Enclosures

    F1487 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

    F2388 Consumer Safety Specification for Baby Changing Tables for Domestic Use

    EN Standards

    EN 12227–1:1999 Playpens for Domestic Use

    EN 716–1:1995 Cots and Folding Cots for Domestic Use

    ISO Standard

    IS0 8124-1:2000 Safety Aspects Related to Mechanical and Physical Properties

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.190 (Equipment for children)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 56101804(Cribs or playpens or accessories)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/F0406-09

    Citation Format

    ASTM F406-09, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009,

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