ASTM E1820-08

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers procedures and guidelines for the determination of fracture toughness of metallic materials using the following parameters: K, J, and CTOD (δ). Toughness can be measured in the R-curve format or as a point value. The fracture toughness determined in accordance with this test method is for the opening mode (Mode I) of loading.

    1.2 The recommended specimens are single-edge bend, [SE(B)], compact, [C(T)], and disk-shaped compact, [DC(T)]. All specimens contain notches that are sharpened with fatigue cracks.

    1.2.1 Specimen dimensional (size) requirements vary according to the fracture toughness analysis applied. The guidelines are established through consideration of material toughness, material flow strength, and the individual qualification requirements of the toughness value per values sought.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1—Other standard methods for the determination of fracture toughness using the parameters K, J, and CTOD are contained in Test Methods E 399, E 813, E 1152, E 1290, and E 1737. This test method was developed to provide a common method for determining all applicable toughness parameters from a single test.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials

    E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials

    E399 Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials

    E1290 Test Method for Crack-Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) Fracture Toughness Measurement

    E1823 Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing

    E1921 Test Method for Determination of Reference Temperature, To, for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range

    E1942 Guide for Evaluating Data Acquisition Systems Used in Cyclic Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics Testing

    E2298 Test Method for Instrumented Impact Testing of Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.10 (Mechanical testing of metals)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E1820-08

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1820-08, Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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