ASTM E108-10

    Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This fire-test-response standard covers the measurement of the relative fire characteristics of roof coverings under simulated fire originating outside the building. It is applicable to roof coverings intended for installation on either combustible or noncombustible decks when applied as intended for use. The following test methods are included:

    1.1.1 Intermittent flame exposure test.

    1.1.2 Spread of flame test.

    1.1.3 Burning brand test.

    1.1.4 Flying brand test.

    1.1.5 Rain test.

    1.2 Three classes of fire test exposure are described:

    1.2.1 Class A Tests are applicable to roof coverings that are effective against severe test exposure, afford a high degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and do not present a flying brand hazard.

    1.2.2 Class B Tests are applicable to roof coverings that are effective against moderate test exposure, afford a moderate degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and do not present a flying brand hazard.

    1.2.3 Class C Tests are applicable to roof coverings that are effective against light test exposure, afford a light degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and do not present a flying brand hazard.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, shall not be considered as requirements of this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D225 Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

    D226 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D227 Specification for Coal-Tar-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D312 Specification for Asphalt Used in Roofing

    D450 Specification for Coal-Tar Pitch Used in Roofing, Dampproofing, and Waterproofing

    D1227 Specification for Emulsified Asphalt Used as a Protective Coating for Roofing

    D2178 Specification for Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D2626 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D2898 Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing

    D3018 Specification for Class A Asphalt Shingles Surfaced with Mineral Granules

    D3158 Specification for Asphalt Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Used in Roofing

    D3378 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Asbestos Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D3462 Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    D4444 Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.220.50 (Fire-resistance of building materials and elements); 91.060.20 (Roofs)

    Referencing This Standard
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    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0108-10

    Citation Format

    ASTM E108-10, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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