ASTM D999-01

    Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers


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    1. Scope

    1.1 These methods cover vibration tests of filled shipping containers. Such tests may be used to assess the performance of a container, with its interior packing and means of closure, both in terms of its strength and of the protection it provides its contents when it is subjected to vibration such as it experiences in transportation. These procedures are suitable for testing containers of any form, material, kind, design of interior packing, means of closure, and any size and weight. They are not intended for determining the response of products to vibration for product design purposes, nor are they intended for tests of products in their operational configuration as other more suitable procedures are available for these purposes.

    1.2 The following methods appear: Method A1-Repetitive Shock Test (Vertical Motion). Method A2-Repetitive Shock Test (Rotary Motion). Method B-Single Container Resonance Test. Method C-Palletized Load, Unitized Load, or Vertical Stack Resonance Test.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 6.

    1.3 These methods fulfill the requirements of International Organization for Standardization standards ISO 8318 and ISO 2247. The ISO standards may not meet the requirements for these methods.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3580 Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing

    D7387 Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Shipping Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods)

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 24110000(Containers and storage)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0999-01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D999-01, Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001, www.astm.org

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