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1.1 This test method covers the determination of tensile properties of plastics in the form of thin sheeting, including film (less than 1.0 mm (0.04 in.) in thickness).
Note 1—Film has been arbitrarily defined as sheeting having nominal thickness not greater than 0.25 mm (0.010 in.).
Note 2—Tensile properties of plastics 1.0 mm (0.04 in.) or greater in thickness shall be determined according to Test Method D638.
1.2 This test method may be used to test all plastics within the thickness range described and the capacity of the machine employed.
1.2.1 Static Weighing, Constant-Rate-of-Grip Separation Test—This test method employs a constant rate of separation of the grips holding the ends of the test specimen.
1.3 Specimen extension may be measured in these test methods by grip separation, extension indicators, or displacement of gage marks.
1.4 A procedure for determining the tensile modulus of elasticity is included at one strain rate.
Note 3—The modulus determination is generally based on the use of grip separation as a measure of extension; however, the desirability of using extensometers, as described in 5.2, is recognized and provision for the use of such instrumentation is incorporated in the procedure.
1.5 Test data obtained by this test method is relevant and appropriate for use in engineering design.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are provided for information only.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 4—This test method is similar to ISO 527-3, but is not considered technically equivalent. ISO 527-3 allows for additional specimen configurations, specifies different test speeds, and requires an extensometer or gage marks on the specimen.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
D6287 Practice for Cutting Film and Sheeting Test Specimens
D6988 Guide for Determination of Thickness of Plastic Film Test Specimens
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E2935 Practice for Conducting Equivalence Testing in Laboratory Applications
ISO StandardISO 527-3 PlasticsDetermination of Tensile PropertiesPart 3: Test Conditions for Films and Sheets Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
ICS Number Code 71.080.99 (Other organic chemicals)
UNSPSC Code 30265802(Plastic sheet); 41114621(Tension testers)
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ASTM D882-02, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002, www.astm.orgBack to Top