ASTM D86-01e1

    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the atmospheric distillation of petroleum products using a laboratory batch distillation unit to determine quantitatively the boiling range characteristics of such products as natural gasolines, light and middle distillates, automotive spark-ignition engine fuels, aviation gasolines, aviation turbine fuels, 1-D and 2-D regular and low sulfur diesel fuels, special petroleum spirits, naphthas, white spirits, kerosene's, and Grades 1 and 2 burner fuels.

    1.2 The test method is designed for the analysis of distillate fuels; it is not applicable to products containing appreciable quantities of residual material.

    1.3 This test method covers both manual and automated instruments.

    Note 1—Interlaboratory consensus test data have been obtained in the last few years under the CS92 program. The statistical equivalency between the manual and the automated procedure is currently under study, based on data from this program obtained between 1994 and 1998.

    1.4 Unless otherwise noted, the values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D323 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4953 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method)

    D5190 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Automatic Method)

    D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)

    D5798 Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5949 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)

    D5950 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)

    D5985 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Rotational Method)

    D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D6708 Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E77 Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Thermometers

    E1272 Specification for Laboratory Glass Graduated Cylinders

    E1405 Specification for Laboratory Glass Distillation Flasks


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0086-01E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D86-01e1, Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001, www.astm.org

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