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1.1 This standard practice describes a method for rapid delineation of volatile organic contaminants (VOC) in the subsurface using a membrane interface probe. Logging with the membrane interface probe is usually performed with direct push equipment.
1.2 This standard practice describes how to obtain a real time vertical log of volatile organic contaminants with depth. The data obtained is indicative of the total volatile organic contaminant concentration in the subsurface at depth.
1.3 Other sensors, such as electrical conductivity, fluorescence detectors, and cone penetration tools may be included to provide additional information. The use of a lithologic logging tool is highly recommended to define hydrostratigraphic conditions, such as migration pathways, and to guide confirmation sampling.
1.4 Limitations—The MIP system does not provide specificity of analytes. This tool is to be used as a total volatile organic contaminant-screening tool. Soil and/or water sampling (Guides D6001, D6282, D6724, and Practice D6725) must be performed to identify specific analytes and exact concentrations. Only VOCs are detected by the MIP system in the subsurface. Detection limits are subject to the selectivity of the gas phase detector applied and characteristics of the formation being penetrated (for example, clay and organic carbon content).
1.5 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “standard” in the title means that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D5092 Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
D5299 Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
D5730 Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater
D5792 Practice for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Development of Data Quality Objectives
D6001 Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
D6067 Practice for Using the Electronic Piezocone Penetrometer Tests for Environmental Site Characterization and Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity
D6282 Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations
D6724 Guide for Installation of Direct Push Groundwater Monitoring Wells
D6725 Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
D8037 Practice for Direct Push Hydraulic Logging for Profiling Variations of Permeability in Soils
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E1689 Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
ICS Number Code 13.080.05 (Examination of soil in general)
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ASTM D7352-07, Standard Practice for Direct Push Technology for Volatile Contaminant Logging with the Membrane Interface Probe (MIP), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007, www.astm.orgBack to Top