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    ASTM D6868-11

    Standard Specification for Labeling of End Items that Incorporate Plastics and Polymers as Coatings or Additives with Paper and Other Substrates Designed to be Aerobically Composted in Municipal or Industrial Facilities


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers end items that include plastics or polymers where plastic film/ sheet or polymers are incorporated (either through lamination, extrusion or mixing) to substrates and the entire end item is designed to be composted under aerobic conditions in municipal and industrial composting facilities, where thermophilic temperatures are achieved.

    1.2 This specification is intended to establish the requirements for labeling of end items which use plastics or polymers as coatings or binders, as compostable in aerobic municipal and industrial composting facilities.

    1.3 The properties in this specification are those required to determine if end items (including packaging) which use plastics and polymers as coatings or binders will compost satisfactorily, in large scale aerobic municipal or industrial composting where maximum throughput is a high priority and where intermediate stages of plastic biodegradation should not be visible to the end user for aesthetic reasons.

    1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains to the test methods portion of this standard: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate health and safety practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent for this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D3715/D3715M Practice for Quality Assurance of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes

    D5338 Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Controlled Composting Conditions, Incorporating Thermophilic Temperatures

    D6002 Guide for Assessing the Compostability of Environmentally Degradable Plastics

    D6400 Specification for Labeling of Plastics Designed to be Aerobically Composted in Municipal or Industrial Facilities

    D6866 Test Methods for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis

    ISO Standards

    Organization for Economic Development (OECD) Standard

    OECD Guideline 208 Terrestrial Plants, Growth Test Available from Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2 rue Andr Pascal, F-75775, Paris Cedex 16, France, http://www.oecd.org.

    Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN)

    EN13432 Packaging-Requirements for Packaging Recoverable through Composting and Biodegradation-Test Scheme and Evaluation Criteria for the Final Acceptance of Packaging Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.030.99 (Other standards related to wastes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 55121600(Labels)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D6868-11

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6868-11, Standard Specification for Labeling of End Items that Incorporate Plastics and Polymers as Coatings or Additives with Paper and Other Substrates Designed to be Aerobically Composted in Municipal or Industrial Facilities, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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