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1.1 This specification covers plastics and products made from plastics that are designed to be composted in municipal and industrial aerobic composting facilities.
1.2 This specification is intended to establish the requirements for labeling of materials and products, including packaging made from plastics, as "compostable in municipal and industrial composting facilities."
1.3 The properties in this specification are those required to determine if plastics and products made from plastics will compost satisfactorily, including biodegrading at a rate comparable to known compostable materials. Further, the properties in the specification are required to assure that the degradation of these materials will not diminish the value or utility of the compost resulting from the composting process.
1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains to the test methods portion of this standard: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate health and safety practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—No equivalent ISO specifications exist for this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN)EN 13432: 2000, 2000 CEN/TC 261/SC 4 N 99 PackagingRequirements for Packaging Recoverable through Composting and BiodegradationTest Scheme and Evaluation Criteria for the Final Acceptance of Packaging (EN 13432)
Organization for Economic Development (OECD) StandardOECD Guideline 208 Terrestrial Plant Test: Seedling Emergence and Seedling Growth Test
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D5338 Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Controlled Composting Conditions, Incorporating Thermophilic Temperatures
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
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ASTM D6400-99e1, Standard Specification for Compostable Plastics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999, www.astm.orgBack to Top