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1.1 This test method provides a means for estimating the soil-lime proportion requirement for stabilization of a soil. This test method is performed on soil passing the −425-μm (No. 40) sieve. The optimum soil-lime proportion for soil stabilization is determined by tests of specific characteristics of stabilized soil such as unconfined compressive strength or plasticity index.
1.2 Some highly alkaline by-products (lime kiln dust, cement kiln dust, and so forth) have been successfully used to stabilize soil. This test method is not intended for these materials and any such product would need to be tested for specific characteristics as indicated in 1.1.
1.3 This test method is used to determine the lowest percentage of lime that results in a soil-lime pH of 12.4.
1.4 Lime is not an effective stabilizing agent for all soils. Some soil components such as sulfates, phosphates, organics, and so forth can adversely affect soil-lime reactions and may produce erroneous results using this test method.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C977 Specification for Quicklime and Hydrated Lime for Soil Stabilization
D421 Practice for Dry Preparation of Soil Samples for Particle-Size Analysis and Determination of Soil Constants
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water
D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
ICS Number Code 13.080.20 (Physical properties of soil)
UNSPSC Code 30121901(Soil stabilizer); 30111600(Cement and lime)
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ASTM D6276-99a(2006)e1, Standard Test Method for Using pH to Estimate the Soil-Lime Proportion Requirement for Soil Stabilization (Withdrawn 2015), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006, www.astm.orgBack to Top