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1.1 This guide covers a systematic approach to the determination of the requirements for and the selection of computer codes used in a ground-water modeling project. Due to the complex nature of fluid flow and biotic and chemical transport in the subsurface many different ground-water modeling codes exist, each having specific capabilities and limitations. Furthermore, a wide variety of situations may be encountered in projects where ground-water models are used. Determining the most appropriate code for a particluar application requires a thorough analysis of the problem at hand and the required and available resources, as well as detailed description of the functionality of candidate codes.
1.2 The code selection process described in this guide consists of systematic analysis of project requirements and careful evaluation of the match between project needs and the capabilities of candidate codes. Insufficiently documented capabilities of candidate codes may require additional analysis of code functionality as part of the code selection process. Figs. 1- is provided to assist with the determination of project needs in terms of code capabilities, and, if necessary, to determine code capabilities.
1.3 This guide is one of a series of guides on ground-water modeling codes and their applications, such as Guides D 5447, D 5490, D5609, D5610, D 5611, D 5718 and D 6025.
1.4 This guide offers a series of options and considerations, but does not specify a course of action. It should not be used as a sole criterion or basis of comparison, and does not replace or relieve professional judgment.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word "Standard" in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D5447 Guide for Application of a Groundwater Flow Model to a Site-Specific Problem
D5490 Guide for Comparing Groundwater Flow Model Simulations to Site-Specific Information
D5609 Guide for Defining Boundary Conditions in Groundwater Flow Modeling
D5610 Guide for Defining Initial Conditions in Groundwater Flow Modeling
D5611 Guide for Conducting a Sensitivity Analysis for a Groundwater Flow Model Application
D5718 Guide for Documenting a Groundwater Flow Model Application
D6025 Guide for Developing and Evaluating Groundwater Modeling Codes
ICS Number Code 13.060.10 (Water of natural resources)
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ASTM D6170-97e1, Standard Guide for Selecting a Ground-Water Modeling Code, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999, www.astm.orgBack to Top