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1.1 The electronic cone penetrometer test often is used to determine subsurface stratigraphy for geotechnical and environmental site characterization purposes (1). The geotechnical application of the electronic cone penetrometer test is discussed in detail in Test Method D 5778, however, the use of the electronic cone penetrometer test in environmental site characterization applications involves further considerations that are not discussed.
1.2 The purpose of this guide is to discuss aspects of the electronic cone penetrometer test that need to be considered when performing tests for environmental site characterization purposes.
1.3 The electronic cone penetrometer test for environmental site characterization projects often requires steam cleaning the push rods and grouting the hole. There are numerous ways of cleaning and grouting depending on the scope of the project, local regulations, and corporate preferences. It is beyond the scope of this guide to discuss all of these methods in detail. A detailed explanation of grouting procedures is discussed in Guide D 6001.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This guide is applicable only at sites where chemical (organic and inorganic) wastes are a concern and is not intended for use at radioactive or mixed (chemical and radioactive) waste sites.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not equivalents, therefore, each system must be used independently of the other.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D5088 Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
D5092 Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells
D5778 Test Method for Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils
D6001 Guide for Direct-Push Ground Water Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
D6187 Practice for Cone Penetrometer Technology Characterization of Petroleum Contaminated Sites with Nitrogen Laser-Induced Fluorescence
D6274 Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging - Gamma
D6282 Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations
ICS Number Code 13.080.20 (Physical properties of soil)
UNSPSC Code 11111501(Soil); 41113904(Penetrometers)
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ASTM D6067-96(2003), Standard Guide for Using the Electronic Cone Penetrometer for Environmental Site Characterization, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1996, www.astm.orgBack to Top