ASTM D6035-96

    Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Freeze-Thaw on Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted or Undisturbed Soil Specimens Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers laboratory measurement of the effect of freeze-thaw on the hydraulic conductivity of compacted or undisturbed soil specimens (using Test Method D5084 and a flexible wall permeameter to determine hydraulic conductivity). This test method does not provide steps to perform sampling of, or testing on, in situ soils that have already been subjected to freeze-thaw conditions.

    1.2 This test method may be use with undisturbed specimens (block or thin-walled) or laboratory compacted specimens and shall be used for soils that have an initial hydraulic conductivity less than or equal to 1E-5 m/s (1E-3 cm/s) (Note 1).

    Note 1-The maximum initial hydraulic conductivity is given as 1E-3 cm/s. This should also apply to the final hydraulic conductivity. It is expected that if the initial hydraulic conductivity is 1E-3 cm/s, than the final hydraulic conductivity will not change (increase) significantly (that is, greater than 1E-3 cm/s).

    1.3 Soil specimens tested using this test method can be subjected to three-dimensional freeze-thaw (herein referred to as 1-d). (For a discussion of one-dimensional freezing versus three-dimensional freezing, refer to Zimmie or Othman.)

    1.4 Soil specimens tested using this test method can be tested in a closed system (that is, no access to an external supply of water during freezing) or an open system.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard, unless other units are specifically given. By tradition, it is U.S. practice to report hydraulic conductivity in centimeters per second, although the common SI units for hydraulic conductivity are meters per second.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D1587 Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes

    D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4220 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples

    D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing

    D5084 Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.080.20 (Physical properties of soil)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41113905(Permeability testing apparatus)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D6035-96

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6035-96, Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Freeze-Thaw on Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted or Undisturbed Soil Specimens Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1996, www.astm.org

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