ASTM D5978-96(2005)

    Standard Guide for Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers an approach to selecting and implementing a well maintenance and rehabilitation program for groundwater monitoring wells. It provides information on symptoms of problems or deficiencies that indicate the need for maintenance and rehabilitation. It is limited to monitoring wells, that are designed and operated to provide access to, representative water samples from, and information about the hydraulic properties of the saturated subsurface while minimizing impact on the monitored zone. Some methods described herein may apply to other types of wells although the range of maintenance and rehabilitation treatment methods suitable for monitoring wells is more restricted than for other types of wells. Monitoring wells include their associated pumps and surface equipment.

    1.2 This guide is affected by governmental regulations and by site specific geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, climatological, and biological conditions.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D652 Method of Test for Measuring Mica Stampings Used in Electronic Devices and Incandescent Lamps

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D1889 Test Method for Turbidity of Water

    D4044 Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers

    D4412 Test Methods for Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Water and Water-Formed Deposits

    D4448 Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells

    D4750 Test Method for Determining Subsurface Liquid Levels in a Borehole or Monitoring Well (Observation Well)

    D5088 Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites

    D5092 Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells

    D5254 Practice for Minimum Set of Data Elements to Identify a Ground-Water Site

    D5299 Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities

    D5408 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Groundwater Site; Part One--Additional Identification Descriptors

    D5409 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Ground-Water Site; Part Two--Physical Descriptors

    D5410 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Ground-Water Site;Part Three--Usage Descriptors

    D5472 Test Method for Determining Specific Capacity and Estimating Transmissivity at the Control Well

    D5474 Guide for Selection of Data Elements for Groundwater Investigations

    D5521 Guide for Development of Ground-Water Monitoring Wells in Granular Aquifers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.10 (Water of natural resources)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D5978-96R05

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5978-96(2005), Standard Guide for Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2005, www.astm.org

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