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1.1 The flatjack test measures stress at a rock surface. The modulus of deformation and the long-term deformational properties (creep) may also be evaluated.
1.2 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.
1.2.1 The method used to specifiy how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.
1.3 LimitationThe flatjack test measures the average stress normal to the surface of the test chamber. Undisturbed stress levels must be determined by theoretical interpretations of these data.
1.4 Assumptions and Factors Influencing the Data
1.4.1 The stress relief is assumed to be an elastic, reversible process. In nonhomogeneous or highly fractured materials, this may not be completely true.
1.4.2 The equations assume that the rock mass is isotropic and homogeneous. Anisotropic effects may be estimated by testing in different orientations.
1.4.3 The flatjack is assumed to be 100 % efficient. The design and size requirements of were determined to satisfy this requirement to within a few percent.
1.4.4 The jack is assumed to be aligned with the principal stresses on the surface of the opening. Shear stresses are not canceled by jack pressure. Orientating the tests in three directions in each plane tested prevents the misalignment from being excessive for at least one of the tests.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C476 Specification for Grout for Masonry
C1196 Test Method for In Situ Compressive Stress Within Solid Unit Masonry Estimated Using Flatjack Measurements
C1197 Test Method for In Situ Measurement of Masonry Deformability Properties Using the Flatjack Method
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Exploration
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D5720 Practice for Static Calibration of Electronic Transducer-Based Pressure Measurement Systems for Geotechnical Purposes
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
D6027/D6027M Practice for Calibrating Linear Displacement Transducers for Geotechnical Purposes
ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)
UNSPSC Code 41114000(Rock and strata measuring equipment)
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ASTM D4729-04, Standard Test Method for In Situ Stress and Modulus of Deformation Using the Flatjack Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004, www.astm.orgBack to Top