ASTM D471-98e2

    Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Effect of Liquids


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the required procedures to evaluate the comparative ability of rubber and rubber-like compositions to withstand the effect of liquids. It is designed for testing: (1) specimens of vulcanized rubber cut from standard sheets (see Practice D 3182), (2) specimens cut from fabric coated with vulcanized rubber (see Test Method D 751), or (3) finished articles of commerce (see Practice D 3183). This test method is not applicable to the testing of cellular rubbers, porous compositions, and compressed sheet packing, except as described in 11.2.2.

    1.2 ASTM Oils No. 2 and No. 3, formerly used in this test method as standard test liquids, are no longer commercially available and in 1993 were replaced with IRM 902 and IRM 903, respectively (see Appendix X1 for details).

    1.3 This test method includes the following:

    Change in Mass (after immersion)Section 10
    Change in Volume (after immersion)Section 11
    Dimensional-Change Method for Water-Insoluble Liq-uids and Mixed Liquids Section 12
    Change in Mass with Liquid on One Surface OnlySection 13
    Determining Mass of Soluble Matter Extracted by the Liquid Section 14
    Change in Tensile Strength, Elongation and Hardness (after immersion) Section 15
    Change in Breaking Resistance, Burst Strength, Tear Strength and Adhesion for Coated Fabrics Section 16
    Calculation (of test results)Section 17

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D287 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic ElastomersTension

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents

    D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

    D865 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)

    D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    D1217 Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer

    D1415 Test Method for Rubber Property--International Hardness

    D1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

    D1747 Test Method for Refractive Index of Viscous Materials

    D2008 Test Method for Ultraviolet Absorbance and Absorptivity of Petroleum Products

    D2140 Practice for Calculating Carbon-Type Composition of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    D2501 Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils

    D2699 Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D3182 Practice for RubberMaterials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets

    D3183 Practice for RubberPreparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products

    D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries

    D4485 Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    D4806 Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D5900 Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)

    D5964 Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil

    E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens

    SAE Standards

    J 300


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0471-98E02

    Citation Format

    ASTM D471-98e2, Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Effect of Liquids, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1998, www.astm.org

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