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1.1 This test method covers the determination of the ambient local stresses in a rock mass and the equipment required to perform in situ stress tests using a three-component borehole deformation gauge (BDG). The test procedure and method of data reduction are described, including the theoretical basis and assumptions involved in the calculations. A section is included on troubleshooting equipment malfunctions.
Note 1—The gauge used in this test method is commonly referred to as a USBM gauge (U.S. Bureau of Mines three-component borehole deformation gauge).
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D4394 Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method
D4395 Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Flexible Plate Loading Method
D4971 Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
D7012 Test Methods for Compressive Strength and Elastic Moduli of Intact Rock Core Specimens under Varying States of Stress and Temperatures
ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)
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ASTM D4623-08, Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method—USBM Borehole Deformation Gauge, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.orgBack to Top