ASTM D4083-89(2001)e1

    Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice presents a procedure for the description of frozen soils based on visual examination and simple manual tests.

    1.2 It is intended to be used in conjunction with Test Method D 2487 and Practice D 2488, which describe and classify soils, but do not cover their frozen state.

    1.3 This procedure is based on "Guide to Field Description of Permafrost for Engineering Purposes," National Research Council of Canada, 1963, and MIL-STD-619.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word "Standard" in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D1452 Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings

    D2487 Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)

    D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

    Military Standard

    MIL-STD-619 Unified Soil Classification System for Roads, Airfields, Embankments and Foundations Available from Naval Publications and Forms Center, 5801 Tabor Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19120.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.080.01 (Soil quality in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11111501(Soil)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4083-89R01E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4083-89(2001)e1, Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1989, www.astm.org

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