ASTM D3276-00

    Standard Guide for Painting Inspectors (Metal Substrates)

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended as an information aid to painting inspectors in carrying out their task efficiently. It includes the key elements of surface preparation, coatings application, and final approval for both field and shop work. The items should be selected that are pertinent to the specification of a particular job.

    Note 1-For additional helpful information, refer to the following documents: Manual of Coating Work for Light-Water Nuclear Power Plant Primary Containment and Other Safety-Related Facilities New Concepts for Coating Protection of Steel Structures SSPC-PA Guide 3 A Guide to Safety in Paint Application Steel Structures Painting Manual Vol 1 Good Painting Practice Steel Structures Painting Manual Vol 2 Systems and Specifications Manufacturers Specifications and Instructions (made available to the inspector for reference to special requirements for proper application) Material Safety Data Sheets (needed to ensure that personnel take necessary precautions in handling hazardous materials).

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This guide is arranged in the following order:

    Section Referenced Documents 2 ASTM Standards 2.1 OSHA Standards 2.2 Steel Structures Painting Council Pub- lications 2.3 Significance and Use 3 Preparation for Inspection 4 Field and Shop Inspection 5 Surface Preparation 5.1 Pictorial Standard D 2200 5.1.1 Factors Affecting Coating Perform- ance 5.2 Cleanliness 5.2.1 Mill Scale 5.2.2 Surface Profile 5.2.3 Cleaning Procedure 5.3 Chemical Cleaning 5.3.1 Solvent Vapor Cleaning Hand Tool Cleaning 5.3.2 Power Tool Cleaning 5.3.3 Blast Cleaning 5.3.4 Cleaning and Preparation of Various Surfaces 5.4 Steel Surfaces 5.4.1 Galvanized Surfaces 5.4.2 Aluminum Surfaces 5.4.3 Precautions in Preparing Unpainted and Previously Painted Surfaces 5.4.4 Inspection of Surfaces Prior to Field Painting 5.5 New Construction 5.5.1 Maintenance Repainting 5.5.2 Inspection Equipment 6 General 6.1 Surface Profile Gages 6.1.1 Adhesion of Existing Coating 6.1.2 Portable Pull-off Adhesion Testers 6.1.3 Field Inspection Equipment 6.2 Drying and Curing Times 6.2.1 Thermometers Dew Point Coating Consistency 6.2.2 Consistency Cups Weight-per-Gallon Cup 6.2.3 Wet-Film Thickness Gages 6.2.4 Interchemical Gage Notched Gage Dry-Film Thickness Gages 6.2.5 Tooke Gage Nondestructive Film Thickness Gages 6.2.6 Magnetic-Type Gages Coating Storage and Handling 7 Storage of Coating and Thinner 7.1 Mixing of Coatings 7.2 Thinning 7.3 Initial Samples 7.3.1 Thinning of Coating 7.3.2 Sampling of Thinned Coating 7.3.3 Heating of Coating 7.4 Weather Considerations 8 Drying 8.1 Low Temperature 8.2 High Temperature 8.3 Moisture 8.4 Wind 8.5 Coating Application 9 Residual Contaminants 9.1 Quality Assurance 9.2 Film Defects 9.2.1 Brush Application 9.3 Spray Application 9.4 Roller Application 9.5 Miscellaneous Methods 9.6 Rate of Application 9.7 Additional Considerations 10 Ventilation 10.1 Shopcoat Repair 10.2 Painting Schedule 10.3 Film Integrity 10.4 Recoat Time 10.5 Coating System Failure 10.6 Comparison of Surface Preparation Specifications Table 1 Inspection Checklist Appendix

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D1212 Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

    D1730 Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D2200 Practice for Use of Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards and Guides for Painting Steel Surfaces

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    D3363 Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test

    D4138 Practices for Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Protective Coating Systems by Destructive, Cross-Sectioning Means

    D4212 Test Method for Viscosity by Dip-Type Viscosity Cups

    D4285 Test Method for Indicating Oil or Water in Compressed Air

    D4414 Practice for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness by Notch Gages

    D4417 Test Methods for Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Blast Cleaned Steel

    D4537 Guide for Establishing Procedures to Qualify and Certify Personnel Performing Coating and Lining Work Inspection in Nuclear Facilities

    D4538 Terminology Relating to Protective Coating and Lining Work for Power Generation Facilities

    D4541 Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers

    D4752 Practice for Measuring MEK Resistance of Ethyl Silicate (Inorganic) Zinc-Rich Primers by Solvent Rub

    D4940 Test Method for Conductimetric Analysis of Water Soluble Ionic Contamination of Blast Cleaning Abrasives

    D5064 Practice for Conducting a Patch Test to Assess Coating Compatibility

    D5162 Practice for Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of Nonconductive Protective Coating on Metallic Substrates

    D5402 Practice for Assessing the Solvent Resistance of Organic Coatings Using Solvent Rubs

    D6386 Practice for Preparation of Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coated Iron and Steel Product and Hardware Surfaces for Painting

    D6677 Test Method for Evaluating Adhesion by Knife

    D6913 Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis

    D7091 Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals

    D7127 Test Method for Measurement of Surface Roughness of Abrasive Blast Cleaned Metal Surfaces Using a Portable Stylus Instrument

    D7393 Practice for Indicating Oil in Abrasives

    E337 Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer (the Measurement of Wet- and Dry-Bulb Temperatures)

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.020 (Paint coating processes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 23153500(Paint systems)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D3276-00

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3276-00, Standard Guide for Painting Inspectors (Metal Substrates), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2000,

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