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    ASTM D2843-10

    Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This fire-test-response test method covers a laboratory procedure for measuring and observing the relative amounts of smoke obscuration produced by the burning or decomposition of plastics. It is intended to be used for measuring the smoke-producing characteristics of plastics under controlled conditions of combustion or decomposition. Correlation with other fire conditions is not implied. The measurements are made in terms of the loss of light transmission through a collected volume of smoke produced under controlled, standardized conditions. The apparatus is constructed so that the flame and smoke is observable during the test.

    1.2 During the course of combustion, gases or vapors, or both, are evolved that are potentially hazardous to personnel. Adequate precautions shall be taken to protect the operator.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information purposes only.

    1.4 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions , but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.5 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. Specific safety warning statements are given in 1.2 and 9.11.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E176 Terminology of Fire Standards

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E662 Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E906/E906M Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method

    E1354 Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

    E2935 Practice for Conducting Equivalence Tests for Comparing Testing Processes

    ISO Standards

    ISO13943 Fire SafetyVocabulary


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.220.50 (Fire-resistance of building materials and elements)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D2843-10

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2843-10, Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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