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1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for material (see Appendix X1) dimensions and tolerances, hydrostatic burst strength, chemical resistance, and impact resistance of plastic pipe, tubing, and fittings for use in fuel gas mains and services for direct burial and reliner applications. The annexes provide specific requirements and test methods for each of the materials currently approved. If and when additional materials are available, specific annex requirements will be added. The pipe and fittings covered by this specification are intended for use in the distribution of natural gas. Requirements for the qualifying of polyethylene systems for use with liquefied petroleum gas are covered in Annex A1.
1.1.1 This specification does not cover threaded pipe. Design considerations are discussed in Appendix X2. In-plant quality control programs are specified in Annex A3 and Annex A4.
1.2 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, and appendixes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 The following is an index of the annexes and appendixes in this specification:
|Annex A1||Polyethylene (PE) Pipe and Fittings|
|Annex A2||Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings for Maintenance or Repair|
|Annex A3||In-Plant Quality Control for all materials up to 12 in.|
|Annex A4||In-Plant Quality Control for PE materials between 14 and 24 in.|
|Annex A5||Polyamide (PA) Pipe and Fittings|
|Annex A6||Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe|
|Annex A7||Peelable PE Pipe|
|Appendix X1||New Materials|
|Appendix X2||Design Consideration|
|Appendix X3||Gas Pressure Pipe and Fittings Produced from Polyethylene (PE) materials with Minimum Required Strength (MRS) Designation|
1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 6, of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ANSI StandardsB16.40 Manually Operated Thermoplastic Gas Shutoffs and Valves in Gas Distribution Systems Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
Plastic Pipe InstitutePPI TN-30/2006 PPI TR-33 PPI TR-3 HDB/HDS /PDB/ SDB/MRS Policies PPI TR-41 Generic Saddle Fusion Joining Procedure for Polyethylene Gas Piping PPI TR-4 PPI TR-9 Recommended Design Factors and Design Coefficients for Thermoplastic Pressure pipe
D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D1435 Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastics
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2290 Test Method for Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe
D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
D2683 Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing
D2774 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products
D3261 Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
F1055 Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe and Tubing
F1473 Test Method for Notch Tensile Test to Measure the Resistance to Slow Crack Growth of Polyethylene Pipes and Resins
F1563 Specification for Tools to Squeeze-off Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pipe or Tubing
F2138 Specification for Excess Flow Valves for Natural Gas Service
F2619/F2619M Specification for High-Density Polyethylene (PE) Line Pipe
F2620 Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
F2897 Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials
Other DocumentsNational Fire Protection Association: NFPA 58 Storage and Handling Liquefied Petroleum Gases
Federal SpecificationsFed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies) Available from DLA Document Services, Building 4/D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, http://quicksearch.dla.mil. OPS 49 CFR Part 192 Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations
Military StandardsMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
ISO StandardsISO 12162 ISO 13477 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids Determination of resistance to rapid crack propagation (RCP) Small scale steady-state test (S4 test) ISO 13478 ISO 4437 ISO 9080
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes); 23.040.45 (Plastic fittings)
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ASTM D2513-09, Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top