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1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling and testing turpentine, as defined by the Code of Federal Regulations and Terminology D804. These test methods are also used for the sampling and testing of pinenes, the major components of most turpentines.
1.2 These test methods primarily measure the physical rather than the chemical properties of turpentines and pinenes. As turpentines and pinenes are currently used chiefly as chemical raw materials for the production of resins and synthetic organic chemicals, chemical composition is also very important. Consequently, testing the chemical composition of turpentines and pinenes by gas chromatography has displaced these test methods to a large extent. (See for example Test Methods D6387.)
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
D270 Methods of Sampling Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D804 Terminology Relating to Pine Chemicals, Including Tall Oil and Related Products
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D6166 Test Method for Color of Pine Chemicals and Related Products (Instrumental Determination of Gardner Color)
D6387 Test Methods for Composition of Turpentine and Related Terpene Products by Capillary Gas Chromatography
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
ICS Number Code 87.060.30 (Solvents)
UNSPSC Code 31211800(Paint solvents and thinners)
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ASTM D233-12, Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Testing Turpentine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top