ASTM D228/D228M-15

    Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

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    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt-containing materials used in roofing and waterproofing. These materials include but are not limited to roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles. Any of these materials are allowed to be partially or fully coated, surfaced, or laminated, or a combination thereof.

    1.2 The test methods and procedures in this standard appear in the following order:






    Types of Roofing




    Mass and Area Determination


    Selection of Representative Specimens






    Mass Loss and Behavior on Heating


    Tear Strength


    Fastener Pull-Through Resistance


    Preparation and Selection of Small Test Specimens
    for Analyses


    Analysis of Glass Felt Products


    Analysis of Roofing Products with Organic Felts


    Ash of Desaturated Felt




    Adjusting Back Coating Fine Mineral Matter and
    Back Surfacing




    Precision and Bias

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

    D146/D146M Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Bitumen-Saturated Felts and Woven Fabrics for Roofing and Waterproofing

    D225 Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

    D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing

    D1922 Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method

    D2178/D2178M Specification for Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D2626/D2626M Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D3462/D3462M Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules

    D3909/D3909M Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Glass Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

    D4601/D4601M Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass Fiber Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D4897/D4897M Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass-Fiber Venting Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D4932/D4932M Test Method for Fastener Rupture and Tear Resistance of Roofing and Waterproofing Sheets, Roll Roofing, and Shingles

    D6380/D6380M Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)

    F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121601(Asphalt); 30151500(Roofing materials)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0228_D0228M-15

    Citation Format

    ASTM D228 / D228M-15, Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015,

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