ASTM D2047-04

    Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This laboratory test method covers the use of the James Machine for the measurement of the static coefficient of friction of polish-coated flooring surfaces with respect to human locomotion safety. Further, this test method also establishes a compliance criterion to meet the requirement for a nonhazardous polished walkway surface. The test method is not intended for use on "wet" surfaces or on surfaces wherein the texture, projections, profile or clearance between the sculptured pattern of the surface does not permit adequate contact between the machine foot and the test surface.

    1.2 This test method is the only method appropriate for testing polishes for specification compliance with the floor polish static coefficient of friction criterion.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1028 Test Method for Determining the Static Coefficient of Friction of Ceramic Tile and Other Like Surfaces by the Horizontal Dynamometer Pull-Meter Method

    D1436 Test Methods for Application of Emulsion Floor Polishes to Substrates for Testing Purposes

    D1630 Test Method for Rubber Property--Abrasion Resistance (Footwear Abrader)

    D2825 Terminology Relating to Polishes and Related Materials

    D4103 Practice for Preparation of Substrate Surfaces for Coefficient of Friction Testing

    D6205 Practice for Calibration of the James Static Coefficient of Friction Machine

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    Federal Specification

    KK-L-165C Leather, Cattlehide, Vegetable Tanned and Chrome Retanned, Impregnated, and Soles. Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS. Type 1Factory (for Shoe Making), Class 6Strips


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.99 (Other products of the chemical industry); 97.080 (Cleaning appliances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 47131802(Floor finishes or polishes)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D2047-04

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2047-04, Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004, www.astm.org

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