ASTM D1974-98

    Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes several methods for closing, sealing, and reinforcing fiberboard (solid and corrugated, excluding triple wall) shipping boxes used for shipment. One or several methods listed in this practice may be referenced in regulations, specifications, or contracts. (See Appendix for cross reference).

    1.2 This practice is intended to be workable in both inch-pound units and SI units. Unit conversions are intended to be functional but are not necessarily exact; this should not significantly affect the performance of the closing, sealing, or reinforcing methods.

    Note 1-All references to this standard should be made by closure number.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D644 Test Method for Moisture Content of Paper and Paperboard by Oven Drying

    D951 Test Method for Water Resistance of Shipping Containers by Spray Method

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3654/D3654M Test Methods for Shear Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes

    D3759/D3759M Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Pressure-Sensitive Tape

    D3950 Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)

    D3953 Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D4675 Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials

    D4727/D4727M Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes

    D5118/D5118M Practice for Fabrication of Fiberboard Shipping Boxes

    D5330/D5330M Specification for Pressure-Sensitive Tape for Packaging, Filament-Reinforced

    D5486/D5486M Specification for Pressure-Sensitive Tape for Packaging, Box Closure, and Sealing

    D5570 Test Method for Water Resistance of Tape and Adhesives Used as Box Closure

    D5749 Specification for Reinforced and Plain Gummed Tape for Sealing and Securing

    F592 Terminology of Collated and Cohered Fasteners and Their Application Tools

    U.S. Government Documents

    MMM-A-250 Adhesive, Water Resistant (For Closure of Fiberboard Boxes)

    Other Standards

    International Fiberboard Case Code


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.180.20 (General purpose pallets)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1974-98

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1974-98, Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1998, www.astm.org

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