ASTM D1480-02

    Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes two procedures for the measurement of the density of materials which are fluid at the desired test temperature. Its application is restricted to liquids of vapor pressures below 600 mm Hg (80 kPa) and viscosities below 40000 cSt (mm2/s) at the test temperature. The method is designed for use at any temperature between 20 and 100°C. It can be used at higher temperatures; however, in this case the precision section does not apply.

    Note 1—For the determination of density of materials which are fluid at normal temperatures, see Test Method D 1217.

    1.2 This test method provides a calculation procedure for converting density to specific gravity.

    1.3 The values stated in acceptable SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements see Note 1 and Note 2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1217 Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.060 (Measurement of volume, mass, density, viscosity)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates); 41103316(Pycnometers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1480-02

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1480-02, Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002, www.astm.org

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