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1.1 This test method describes the determination of twist in single spun yarns when only an approximation of the true twist is required.
Note 1—For a more accurate method see Test Method D 1423
1.2 This test method is applicable to spun single yarns in continuous lengths, and also to spun yarns raveled from fabrics, provided specimens at least 200 mm (8 in.) long can be obtained.
1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in parentheses. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance within this test method.
1.4 This test method has been found satisfactory for use in determining twist in all single ring spun yarns and 100% cotton open-end yarns. For all open-end spun yarns that are not 100 % cotton this test method has not been found to be satisfactory for determining twist but may be used to measure deviation from an average value.
1.5 This specification shows the values in both inch-pound units and SI units. The “inch-pound” units is the technically correct name for the customary units used in the United States. The “SI” units is the technically corrected name for the system of metric units known as the International System of Units. The values stated in either acceptable metric units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values expressed in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other, without combining in any way.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1059 Test Method for Yarn Number Based on Short-Length Specimens
D1423 Test Method for Twist in Yarns by Direct-Counting
ICS Number Code 59.080.20 (Yarns)
UNSPSC Code 11151700(Yarns); 41114709(Yarn testing instrument)
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ASTM D1422-99(2008), Standard Test Method for Twist in Single Spun Yarns by the Untwist-Retwist Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.orgBack to Top