ASTM D1143/D1143M-07

    Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Static Axial Compressive Load


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    1. Scope

    1.1 The test methods described in this standard measure the axial deflection of a vertical or inclined deep foundation when loaded in static axial compression. These methods apply to all deep foundations, referred to herein as piles, that function in a manner similar to driven piles or castinplace piles, regardless of their method of installation, and may be used for testing single piles or pile groups. The test results may not represent the long-term performance of a deep foundation.

    1.2 This standard provides minimum requirements for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. Plans, specifications, and/or provisions prepared by a qualified engineer may provide additional requirements and procedures as needed to satisfy the objectives of a particular test program. The engineer in responsible charge of the foundation design, referred to herein as the Engineer, shall approve any deviations, deletions, or additions to the requirements of this standard.

    1.3 This standard allows the following test procedures:    

    Procedure AQuick Test
    Procedure BMaintained Test (optional)
    Procedure CLoading in Excess of Maintained Test (optional)
    Procedure DConstant Time Interval Test (optional)
    Procedure EConstant Rate of Penetration Test (optional)
    Procedure FConstant Movement Increment Test (optional)
    Procedure GCyclic Loading Test (optional)
       

    1.4 Apparatus and procedures herein designated optional may produce different test results and may be used only when approved by the Engineer. The word shall indicates a mandatory provision, and the word should indicates a recommended or advisory provision. Imperative sentences indicate mandatory provisions.

    1.5 A qualified geotechnical engineer should interpret the test results obtained from the procedures of this standard so as to predict the actual performance and adequacy of piles used in the constructed foundation. See Appendix X1 for comments regarding some of the factors influencing the interpretation of test results.

    1.6 A qualified engineer shall design and approve all loading apparatus, loaded members, support frames, and test procedures. The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. This standard also includes illustrations and appendices intended only for explanatory or advisory use.

    1.7 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.8 The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight), while the unit for mass is slugs. The rationalized slug unit is not given, unless dynamic (F=ma) calculations are involved.

    1.9 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

    1.10 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.

    1.11 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D5882 Test Method for Low Strain Impact Integrity Testing of Deep Foundations

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    D6760 Test Method for Integrity Testing of Concrete Deep Foundations by Ultrasonic Crosshole Testing

    American National Standards

    ASME B30.1 Jacks

    ASME B40.100 Pressure Gages and Gauge Attachments

    ASME B89.1.10.M


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1143_D1143M-07

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1143 / D1143M-07, Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Static Axial Compressive Load, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007, www.astm.org

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