ASTM D1037-99

    Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials


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    Hardness Test (68-73)
    Hardness Modulus Test (74-80)
    Shear Strength in the Plane of the Board (81-86)
    Glue-Line Shear Test (Block Type) (87-90)
    Falling Ball Impact Test (91-95)
    Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester (96-99)
    Moisture Tests:
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling (100-107)
    Linear Variation with Change in Moisture Content (108-111))
    Accelerated Aging (112-118)
    Cupping and Twisting (119)
    Moisture Content and Specific Gravity (120-121)
    Interlaminar Shear (122-129)
    Edgewise Shear (130-136)
    Compression-Shear Test (137-146)

    1.2 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials as follows:

    Sections Size and Appearance of Boards (7-10 )
    Strength Properties: Static Bending (11-20)
    Tensile Strength Parallel to Surface (21-27)
    Tensile Strength Perpendicular to Surface (28-33)
    Compression Strength Parallel to Surface (34-40)

    Fastener Holding Tests
    Lateral Nail Resistance Test (41-46)
    Nail Withdrawal Test (47-53)
    Nail-Head Pull-Through Test (54-60)
    Direct Screw Withdrawal Test (61-67)
    Hardness Test (68-73)
    Hardness Modulus Test (74-80)
    Shear Strength in the Plane of the Board (81-86)
    Glue-Line Shear Test (Block Type) (87-90)
    Falling Ball Impact Test (91-95)
    Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester (96-99)
    Moisture Tests:
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling (100-107)
    Linear Variation with Change in Moisture Content (108-111))
    Accelerated Aging (112-118)
    Cupping and Twisting (119)
    Moisture Content and Specific Gravity (120-121)
    Interlaminar Shear (122-129)
    Edgewise Shear (130-136)
    Compression-Shear Test (137-146)

    1.2 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C273 Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials

    D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber

    D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading

    D1554 Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    D2395 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    D2915 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products

    D3043 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure

    D3501 Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1037-99

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1037-99, Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999, www.astm.org

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