ASTM D1014-95

    Standard Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints on Steel


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the determination of the relative service of exterior paints and other materials of similar purpose when applied on steel surfaces exposed out-of-doors.

    1.2 Experience indicates that the steel used as a test surface has a marked bearing upon the weathering results. It is the purpose of this test method to minimize the influence of variation in steel surfaces on any series of tests by providing for uniformity in the selection of the steel surface, particularly in cooperative work. This practice also outlines uniform procedures for conducting the exposure tests and for evaluating and recording results.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

    A283/A283M Specification for Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates

    B209 Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

    B449 Specification for Chromates on Aluminum

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D609 Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion Coatings, and Related Coating Products

    D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D662 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Erosion of Exterior Paints

    D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

    D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Coatings and Related Products on Test Panels

    D1212 Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

    D1654 Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1730 Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D2200 Practice for Use of Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards and Guides for Painting Steel Surfaces

    D2201 Practice for Preparation of Zinc-Coated and Zinc-Alloy-Coated Steel Panels for Testing Paint and Related Coating Products

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2616 Test Method for Evaluation of Visual Color Difference With a Gray Scale

    D2803 Guide for Testing Filiform Corrosion Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal

    D3359 Test Methods for Rating Adhesion by Tape Test

    D4214 Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films

    D7091 Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals

    E41 Terminology Relating To Conditioning

    E1347 Test Method for Color and Color-Difference Measurement by Tristimulus Colorimetry

    G7 Practice for Atmospheric Environmental Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials

    G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials

    G141 Guide for Addressing Variability in Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials

    G147 Practice for Conditioning and Handling of Nonmetallic Materials for Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests

    Other Standard

    SSPC Method 1


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211504(Coating paints)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1014-95

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1014-95, Standard Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints on Steel, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1995, www.astm.org

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