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1.1 This test standard covers equipment and methods for using phosphomolybdic acid (PMA) to detect gross defects and mechanical damage including wear through in metallic coatings of gold, silver, or palladium. These metals comprise the topmost metallic layers over substrates of nickel, copper, or copper alloys.
1.2 Recent reviews of porosity testing, which include those for gross defects, and testing methods can be found in the literature.2, 3 An ASTM guide to the selection of porosity and gross defect tests for electrodeposits and related metallic coatings is available as Guide B765. Other related porosity and gross defects test standards are Test Methods B735, B741, B798, B799, B809, and B866, Specifications B488, B679,and B689.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are the preferred units. Those in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B374 Terminology Relating to Electroplating
B488 Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Gold for Engineering Uses
B542 Terminology Relating to Electrical Contacts and Their Use
B679 Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Palladium for Engineering Use
B689 Specification for Electroplated Engineering Nickel Coatings
B735 Test Method for Porosity in Gold Coatings on Metal Substrates by Nitric Acid Vapor
B741 Test Method for Porosity In Gold Coatings On Metal Substrates By Paper Electrography
B765 Guide for Selection of Porosity and Gross Defect Tests for Electrodeposits and Related Metallic Coatings
B798 Test Method for Porosity in Gold or Palladium Coatings on Metal Substrates by Gel-Bulk Electrography
B799 Test Method for Porosity in Gold and Palladium Coatings by Sulfurous Acid/Sulfur-Dioxide Vapor
B809 Test Method for Porosity in Metallic Coatings by Humid Sulfur Vapor (Flowers-of-Sulfur)
B866 Test Method for Gross Defects and Mechanical Damage in Metallic Coatings by Polysulfide Immersion
ICS Number Code 25.220.40 (Metallic coatings)
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ASTM B877-96(2013), Standard Test Method for Gross Defects and Mechanical Damage in Metallic Coatings by the Phosphomolybdic Acid (PMA) Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top