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1.1 This specification covers requirements for autocatalytic ( electroless) nickel-phosphorus coatings applied to metallic products for engineering (functional) uses from acid-aqueous solutions.
1.2 The coatings are alloys of nickel and phosphorus produced by autocatalytic chemical reduction with hypophosphite. Because the nickel deposited is a catalyst for the reaction, the process is self-sustaining. The chemical and physical properties of the deposit vary primarily with its phosphorus content and subsequent heat treatment. The chemical makeup of the plating bath can also affect the porosity and corrosion resistance of the deposit. For more details, see ASTM STP 265 (1)2 and Refs (2) and (3), also refer to Figs. XI. I, X 1.2, and X 1.3 in the Appendix of Guide 8656.
1.3 The coatings are generally deposited from baths operating at pH 4.3 to 5.3 and 85 to 95Â°C.
1.4 The process produces coatings of uniform thickness on irregular-shaped parts, provided the plating solution circulates freely over their surfaces.
1.5 The coatings have multifunctional properties, such as hardness, heat hardenability, abrasion, wear and corrosion resistance, magnetics, and solderability. They are also used for the salvage of worn or mismachined parts.
1.6 This standard may involve hazardous materials. operations. and equipment. This standard does not purport to address al/ of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility qf whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior lo use.
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B368 Test Method for Copper-Accelerated Acetic Acid-Salt Spray (Fog) Testing (CASS Test)
B374 Terminology Relating to Electroplating
B380 Test Method for Corrosion Testing of Decorative Electrodeposited Coatings by the Corrodkote Procedure
B487 Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by Microscopical Examination of Cross Section
B499 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thicknesses by the Magnetic Method: Nonmagnetic Coatings on Magnetic Basis Metals
B504 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Metallic Coatings by the Coulometric Method
B537 Practice for Rating of Electroplated Panels Subjected to Atmospheric Exposure
B567 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by the Beta Backscatter Method
B568 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by X-Ray Spectrometry
B571 Practice for Qualitative Adhesion Testing of Metallic Coatings
B578 Test Method for Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
B602 Test Method for Attribute Sampling of Metallic and Inorganic Coatings
B667 Practice for Construction and Use of a Probe for Measuring Electrical Contact Resistance
B678 Test Method for Solderability of Metallic-Coated Products
B697 Guide for Selection of Sampling Plans for Inspection of Electrodeposited Metallic and Inorganic Coatings
B762 Test Method of Variables Sampling of Metallic and Inorganic Coatings
B849 Specification for Pre-Treatments of Iron or Steel for Reducing Risk of Hydrogen Embrittlement
B850 Guide for Post-Coating Treatments of Steel for Reducing the Risk of Hydrogen Embrittlement
B851 Specification for Automated Controlled Shot Peening of Metallic Articles Prior to Nickel, Autocatalytic Nickel, or Chromium Plating, or as Final Finish
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2670 Test Method for Measuring Wear Properties of Fluid Lubricants (Falex Pin and Vee Block Method)
D2714 Test Method for Calibration and Operation of the Falex Block-on-Ring Friction and Wear Testing Machine
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser
E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
E140 Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, Scleroscope Hardness, and Leeb Hardness
E156 Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in High-Phosphorus Brazing Alloys (Photometric Method)
E352 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Tool Steels and Other Similar Medium- and High-Alloy Steels
F519 Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments
G5 Reference Test Method for Making Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Measurements
G31 Guide for Laboratory Immersion Corrosion Testing of Metals
G59 Test Method for Conducting Potentiodynamic Polarization Resistance Measurements
G85 Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing
Military StandardsMIL-R-81841 Rotary Flap Peening of Metal Parts Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS. MIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attribute
ISO StandardsISO 4527 Autocatalytic Nickel-Phosphorus Coatings--Specification and Test Methods Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
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ASTM B733-84, Standard Specification for Autocatalytic Nickel-Phosphorus Coatings on Metals, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1984, www.astm.orgBack to Top