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1.1 This specification covers carbon and high-strength low-alloy steel structural shapes, plates, and bars and quenched and tempered alloy steel for structural plates intended for use in bridges. Nine grades are available in four yield strength levels as follows:
1.1.1 Grades 36 , 50 , 50S [345S], 50W [345W], 100 , and 100W [690W] are also included in Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, and A 514/A 514M, respectively. When the supplementary requirements of this specification are specified, they exceed the requirements of Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, and A 514/A 514M.
1.1.2 Grades 50W [345W], HPS 50W [HPS 345W], HPS 70W [HPS 485W], 100W [690W], and HPS 100W [HPS 690W] have enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance (see ). Product availability is shown in .
1.2 Grade HPS 70W [HPS 485W], 100 , 100W [690W], or HPS 100W [HPS 690W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 , 50 , 50S [345S], 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W]. Grade 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 , 50  or 50S [345S] without agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.
1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A 6/A 6M for information on weldability.
1.4 For structural products to be used as tension components requiring notch toughness testing, standardized requirements are provided in this standard, and they are based upon American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) requirements for both fracture critical and non-fracture critical members.
1.5 Supplementary requirements are available but shall apply only if specified in the purchase order.
1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.
1.7 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A 6/A 6M apply.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A6/A6M Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling
A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A572/A572M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel
A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
A673/A673M Specification for Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel
A992/A992M Specification for Structural Steel Shapes
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ICS Number Code 77.140.10 (Heat-treatable steels)
UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials)
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ASTM A709 / A709M-06a, Standard Specification for Structural Steel for Bridges, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006, www.astm.orgBack to Top