ASTM Volume 13.01, September 2020

    Medical and Surgical Materials and Devices (I): E667–F2477

    Table of Contents

    E667-98(2017) Standard Specification for Mercury-in-Glass, Maximum Self-Registering Clinical Thermometers

    E825-98(2016) Standard Specification for Phase Change-Type Disposable Fever Thermometer for Intermittent Determination of Human Temperature

    E1061-01(2014) Standard Specification for Direct-Reading Liquid Crystal Forehead Thermometers

    E1104-98(2016) Standard Specification for Clinical Thermometer Probe Covers and Sheaths

    E1112-00(2018) Standard Specification for Electronic Thermometer for Intermittent Determination of Patient Temperature

    E1262-88(2018) Standard Guide for Performance of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cell/Hypoxanthine Guanine Phosphoribosyl Transferase Gene Mutation Assay

    E1299-96(2016) Standard Specification for Reusable Phase-Change-Type Fever Thermometer for Intermittent Determination of Human Temperature

    E1965-98(2016) Standard Specification for Infrared Thermometers for Intermittent Determination of Patient Temperature

    F67-13(2017) Standard Specification for Unalloyed Titanium, for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R50250, UNS R50400, UNS R50550, UNS R50700)

    F75-18 Standard Specification for Cobalt-28 Chromium-6 Molybdenum Alloy Castings and Casting Alloy for Surgical Implants (UNS R30075)

    F86-13 Standard Practice for Surface Preparation and Marking of Metallic Surgical Implants

    F90-14 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-20Chromium-15Tungsten-10Nickel Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30605)

    F116-12(2016) Standard Specification for Medical Screwdriver Bits

    F136-13 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56401)

    F138-19 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)

    F139-19 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)

    F366-17 Standard Specification for Fixation Pins and Wires

    F382-17 Standard Specification and Test Method for Metallic Bone Plates

    F384-17 Standard Specifications and Test Methods for Metallic Angled Orthopedic Fracture Fixation Devices

    F451-16 Standard Specification for Acrylic Bone Cement

    F452-76(2014) Standard Specification for Preformed Cranioplasty Plates

    F543-17 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Metallic Medical Bone Screws

    F560-17 Standard Specification for Unalloyed Tantalum for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R05200, UNS R05400)

    F561-19 Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids

    F562-13 Standard Specification for Wrought 35Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30035)

    F564-17 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Metallic Bone Staples

    F565-04(2018) Standard Practice for Care and Handling of Orthopedic Implants and Instruments

    F601-18 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Penetrant Inspection of Metallic Surgical Implants

    F602-09(2015) Standard Criteria for Implantable Thermoset Epoxy Plastics

    F603-12(2016) Standard Specification for High-Purity Dense Aluminum Oxide for Medical Application

    F619-14 Standard Practice for Extraction of Medical Plastics

    F620-20 Standard Specification for Titanium Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants in the Alpha Plus Beta Condition

    F621-12(2017) Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Forgings for Surgical Implants

    F623-19 Standard Performance Specification for Foley Catheter

    F624-09(2015)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Solids and Solutions for Biomedical Applications

    F629-20 Standard Practice for Radiography of Cast Metallic Surgical Implants

    F639-09(2015) Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics for Medical Applications

    F640-12 Standard Test Methods for Determining Radiopacity for Medical Use

    F641-09(2014) Standard Specification for Implantable Epoxy Electronic Encapsulants

    F647-94(2014) Standard Practice for Evaluating and Specifying Implantable Shunt Assemblies for Neurosurgical Application

    F648-14 Standard Specification for Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Powder and Fabricated Form for Surgical Implants

    F665-09(2015) Standard Classification for Vinyl Chloride Plastics Used in Biomedical Application

    F688-19 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Foil for Surgical Implants (UNS R30035)

    F700-93(2014) Standard Practice for Care and Handling of Intracranial Aneurysm Clips and Instruments

    F702-18 Standard Specification for Polysulfone Resin for Medical Applications

    F703-18 Standard Specification for Implantable Breast Prostheses

    F719-20 Standard Practice for Testing Materials in Rabbits for Primary Skin Irritation

    F720-17 Standard Practice for Testing Guinea Pigs for Contact Allergens: Guinea Pig Maximization Test

    F732-17 Standard Test Method for Wear Testing of Polymeric Materials Used in Total Joint Prostheses

    F746-04(2014) Standard Test Method for Pitting or Crevice Corrosion of Metallic Surgical Implant Materials

    F748-16 Standard Practice for Selecting Generic Biological Test Methods for Materials and Devices

    F749-20 Standard Practice for Evaluating Material Extracts by Intracutaneous Injection in the Rabbit

    F750-20 Standard Practice for Evaluating Acute Systemic Toxicity of Material Extracts by Systemic Injection in the Mouse

    F754-08(2015) Standard Specification for Implantable Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Sheet, Tube, and Rod Shapes Fabricated from Granular Molding Powders

    F755-19 Standard Specification for Selection of Porous Polyethylene for Use in Surgical Implants

    F756-17 Standard Practice for Assessment of Hemolytic Properties of Materials

    F763-04(2016) Standard Practice for Short-Term Screening of Implant Materials

    F799-19 Standard Specification for Cobalt-28 Chromium-6 Molybdenum Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, R31538, R31539)

    F813-20 Standard Practice for Direct Contact Cell Culture Evaluation of Materials for Medical Devices

    F881-94(2014) Standard Specification for Silicone Elastomer Facial Implants

    F895-11(2016) Standard Test Method for Agar Diffusion Cell Culture Screening for Cytotoxicity

    F897-19 Standard Test Method for Measuring Fretting Corrosion of Osteosynthesis Plates and Screws

    F899-20 Standard Specification for Wrought Stainless Steels for Surgical Instruments

    F921-10(2018) Standard Terminology Relating to Hemostatic Forceps

    F961-20 Standard Specification for 35Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants (UNS R30035)

    F981-04(2016) Standard Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Biomaterials for Surgical Implants with Respect to Effect of Materials on Muscle and Insertion into Bone

    F983-86(2018) Standard Practice for Permanent Marking of Orthopaedic Implant Components

    F997-18 Standard Specification for Polycarbonate Resin for Medical Applications

    F1026-86(2014) Standard Specification for General Workmanship and Performance Measurements of Hemostatic Forceps

    F1027-86(2017) Standard Practice for Assessment of Tissue and Cell Compatibility of Orofacial Prosthetic Materials and Devices

    F1044-05(2017)e1 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Calcium Phosphate Coatings and Metallic Coatings

    F1058-16 Standard Specification for Wrought 40Cobalt-20Chromium-16Iron-15Nickel-7Molybdenum Alloy Wire, Strip, and Strip Bar for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30003 and UNS R30008)

    F1078-10(2018) Standard Terminology for Surgical Scissors—Inserted and Non-Inserted Blades

    F1079-87(2014) Standard Specification for Inserted and Noninserted Surgical Scissors

    F1088-18 Standard Specification for Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate for Surgical Implantation

    F1089-18 Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Surgical Instruments

    F1091-20 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-20Chromium-15Tungsten-10Nickel Alloy Surgical Fixation Wire (UNS R30605)

    F1108-14 Standard Specification for Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium Alloy Castings for Surgical Implants (UNS R56406)

    F1147-05(2017)e1 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metallic Coatings

    F1160-14(2017)e1 Standard Test Method for Shear and Bending Fatigue Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metallic Medical and Composite Calcium Phosphate/Metallic Coatings

    F1185-03(2014) Standard Specification for Composition of Hydroxylapatite for Surgical Implants

    F1223-14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Knee Replacement Constraint

    F1264-16e1 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Intramedullary Fixation Devices

    F1295-16 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-6Aluminum-7Niobium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56700)

    F1314-18 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 22 Chromium–13 Nickel–5 Manganese–2.5 Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S20910)

    F1325-91(2016) Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Suture Needle Holders-General Workmanship Requirements and Corresponding Test Methods

    F1350-15 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Surgical Fixation Wire (UNS S31673)

    F1357-14(2019) Standard Specification for Articulating Total Wrist Implants

    F1377-13 Standard Specification for Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Powder for Coating of Orthopedic Implants (UNS R30075)

    F1378-18e1 Standard Specification for Shoulder Prostheses

    F1408-97(2013) Standard Practice for Subcutaneous Screening Test for Implant Materials

    F1439-03(2018) Standard Guide for Performance of Lifetime Bioassay for the Tumorigenic Potential of Implant Materials

    F1441-03(2014) Standard Specification for Soft-Tissue Expander Devices

    F1472-14 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56400)

    F1536-95(2015)e1 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength and Setting Time of Synthetic Water-Activated Polyurethane Fiberglass Orthopaedic Casting Tape

    F1537-20 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Alloys for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, UNS R31538, and UNS R31539)

    F1538-03(2017) Standard Specification for Glass and Glass Ceramic Biomaterials for Implantation

    F1541-17 Standard Specification and Test Methods for External Skeletal Fixation Devices

    F1580-18 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium-6 Aluminum-4 Vanadium Alloy Powders for Coatings of Surgical Implants

    F1581-08(2016) Standard Specification for Composition of Anorganic Bone for Surgical Implants

    F1582-98(2016) Standard Terminology Relating to Spinal Implants

    F1586-13e1 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 21Chromium-10Nickel-3Manganese-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar for Surgical Implants (UNS S31675)

    F1609-08(2014) Standard Specification for Calcium Phosphate Coatings for Implantable Materials

    F1611-20 Standard Specification for Intramedullary Reamers

    F1613-95(2016) Standard Specification for Surgical Tissue/Dressing/Pick-Up Forceps (Thumb Type)

    F1635-16 Standard Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants

    F1638-95(2016)e1 Standard Terminology for Surgical Tissue/Dressing/Pick-Up Forceps (Thumb-Type)

    F1672-14(2019) Standard Specification for Resurfacing Patellar Prosthesis

    F1713-08(2013) Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-13Niobium-13Zirconium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R58130)

    F1714-96(2018) Standard Guide for Gravimetric Wear Assessment of Prosthetic Hip Designs in Simulator Devices

    F1717-18 Standard Test Methods for Spinal Implant Constructs in a Vertebrectomy Model

    F1744-96(2016) Standard Guide for Care and Handling of Stainless Steel Surgical Instruments

    F1781-15 Standard Specification for Elastomeric Flexible Hinge Finger Total Joint Implants

    F1798-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Static and Fatigue Properties of Interconnection Mechanisms and Subassemblies Used in Spinal Arthrodesis Implants

    F1800-19e1 Standard Practice for Cyclic Fatigue Testing of Metal Tibial Tray Components of Total Knee Joint Replacements

    F1801-97(2014) Standard Practice for Corrosion Fatigue Testing of Metallic Implant Materials

    F1813-13 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium–12 Molybdenum–6 Zirconium–2 Iron Alloy for Surgical Implant (UNS R58120)

    F1814-15 Standard Guide for Evaluating Modular Hip and Knee Joint Components

    F1820-13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Forces for Disassembly of Modular Acetabular Devices

    F1828-17 Standard Specification for Ureteral Stents

    F1829-17 Standard Test Method for Static Evaluation of Anatomic Glenoid Locking Mechanism in Shear

    F1830-19 Standard Practice for Collection and Preparation of Blood for Dynamic in vitro Evaluation of Hemolysis in Blood Pumps

    F1831-17 Standard Specification for Cranial Traction Tongs and Halo External Spinal Immobilization Devices

    F1839-08(2016) Standard Specification for Rigid Polyurethane Foam for Use as a Standard Material for Testing Orthopaedic Devices and Instruments

    F1840-10(2016) Standard Terminology for Surgical Suture Needles

    F1841-19 Standard Practice for Assessment of Hemolysis in Continuous Flow Blood Pumps

    F1854-15 Standard Test Method for Stereological Evaluation of Porous Coatings on Medical Implants

    F1855-00(2019) Standard Specification for Polyoxymethylene (Acetal) for Medical Applications

    F1875-98(2014) Standard Practice for Fretting Corrosion Testing of Modular Implant Interfaces: Hip Femoral Head-Bore and Cone Taper Interface

    F1877-16 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles

    F1903-18 Standard Practice for Testing for Cellular Responses to Particles in vitro

    F1904-14 Standard Practice for Testing the Biological Responses to Particles in vivo

    F1925-17 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants

    F1926/F1926M-14 Standard Test Method for Dissolution Testing of Calcium Phosphate Granules, Fabricated Forms, and Coatings

    F1978-18 Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Resistance of Metallic Thermal Spray Coatings by Using the Taber Abraser

    F1983-14 Standard Practice for Assessment of Selected Tissue Effects of Absorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications

    F1984-99(2018) Standard Practice for Testing for Whole Complement Activation in Serum by Solid Materials

    F2003-02(2015) Standard Practice for Accelerated Aging of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene after Gamma Irradiation in Air

    F2004-17 Standard Test Method for Transformation Temperature of Nickel-Titanium Alloys by Thermal Analysis

    F2005-05(2015) Standard Terminology for Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys

    F2009-20 Standard Test Method for Determining the Axial Disassembly Force of Taper Connections of Modular Prostheses

    F2024-10(2016) Standard Practice for X-ray Diffraction Determination of Phase Content of Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings

    F2025-06(2018) Standard Practice for Gravimetric Measurement of Polymeric Components for Wear Assessment

    F2026-17 Standard Specification for Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Polymers for Surgical Implant Applications

    F2027-16 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Raw or Starting Materials for Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    F2028-17 Standard Test Methods for Dynamic Evaluation of Glenoid Loosening or Disassociation

    F2033-12 Standard Specification for Total Hip Joint Prosthesis and Hip Endoprosthesis Bearing Surfaces Made of Metallic, Ceramic, and Polymeric Materials

    F2038-18 Standard Guide for Silicone Elastomers, Gels, and Foams Used in Medical Applications Part I—Formulations and Uncured Materials

    F2042-18 Standard Guide for Silicone Elastomers, Gels, and Foams Used in Medical Applications Part II—Crosslinking and Fabrication

    F2051-00(2014) Standard Specification for Implantable Saline Filled Breast Prosthesis

    F2052-15 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Magnetically Induced Displacement Force on Medical Devices in the Magnetic Resonance Environment

    F2062-00(2018) Standard Specification for Square Drive Interconnections on Surgical Instruments

    F2063-18 Standard Specification for Wrought Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys for Medical Devices and Surgical Implants

    F2064-17 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Alginates as Starting Materials Intended for Use in Biomedical and Tissue Engineered Medical Product Applications

    F2066-18 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-15 Molybdenum Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R58150)

    F2068-15 Standard Specification for Femoral Prostheses—Metallic Implants

    F2077-18 Test Methods For Intervertebral Body Fusion Devices

    F2079-09(2017) Standard Test Method for Measuring Intrinsic Elastic Recoil of Balloon-Expandable Stents

    F2081-06(2017) Standard Guide for Characterization and Presentation of the Dimensional Attributes of Vascular Stents

    F2082/F2082M-16 Standard Test Method for Determination of Transformation Temperature of Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys by Bend and Free Recovery

    F2083-12 Standard Specification for Knee Replacement Prosthesis

    F2091-15 Standard Specification for Acetabular Prostheses

    F2102-17 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants

    F2103-18 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Chitosan Salts as Starting Materials Intended for Use in Biomedical and Tissue-Engineered Medical Product Applications

    F2118-14 Standard Test Method for Constant Amplitude of Force Controlled Fatigue Testing of Acrylic Bone Cement Materials

    F2119-07(2013) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of MR Image Artifacts from Passive Implants

    F2129-19a Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization Measurements to Determine the Corrosion Susceptibility of Small Implant Devices

    F2131-02(2012) Standard Test Method for In Vitro Biological Activity of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rhBMP-2) Using the W-20 Mouse Stromal Cell Line

    F2146-13 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-3Aluminum-2.5Vanadium Alloy Seamless Tubing for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56320)

    F2147-01(2016) Standard Practice for Guinea Pig: Split Adjuvant and Closed Patch Testing for Contact Allergens

    F2148-18 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Delayed Contact Hypersensitivity Using the Murine Local Lymph Node Assay (LLNA)

    F2149-16 Standard Test Method for Automated Analyses of Cells—the Electrical Sensing Zone Method of Enumerating and Sizing Single Cell Suspensions

    F2150-19 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Regenerative Medicine and Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    F2180-17 Standard Specification for Metallic Implantable Strands and Cables

    F2181-20 Standard Specification for Wrought Seamless Stainless Steel Tubing for Surgical Implants

    F2182-19e2 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    F2193-20 Standard Specifications and Test Methods for Components Used in the Surgical Fixation of the Spinal Skeletal System

    F2211-13 Standard Classification for Tissue Engineered Medical Products (TEMPs)

    F2212-19 Standard Guide for Characterization of Type I Collagen as Starting Material for Surgical Implants and Substrates for Tissue Engineered Medical Products (TEMPs)

    F2213-17 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Magnetically Induced Torque on Medical Devices in the Magnetic Resonance Environment

    F2214-16 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Network Parameters of Crosslinked Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)

    F2224-09(2014) Standard Specification for High Purity Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate or Dihydrate for Surgical Implants

    F2229-12 Standard Specification for Wrought, Nitrogen Strengthened 23Manganese-21Chromium-1Molybdenum Low-Nickel Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S29108)

    F2255-05(2015) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Tissue Adhesives in Lap-Shear by Tension Loading

    F2256-05(2015) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Tissue Adhesives in T-Peel by Tension Loading

    F2257-14 Standard Specification for Wrought Seamless or Welded and Drawn 18 Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Small Diameter Tubing for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)

    F2258-05(2015) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Tissue Adhesives in Tension

    F2259-10(2012)e1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Chemical Composition and Sequence in Alginate by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) Spectroscopy

    F2260-18 Standard Test Method for Determining Degree of Deacetylation in Chitosan Salts by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) Spectroscopy

    F2267-04(2018) Standard Test Method for Measuring Load Induced Subsidence of Intervertebral Body Fusion Device Under Static Axial Compression

    F2312-11(2020) Standard Terminology Relating to Tissue Engineered Medical Products

    F2313-18 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide

    F2315-18 Standard Guide for Immobilization or Encapsulation of Living Cells or Tissue in Alginate Gels

    F2345-03(2013) Standard Test Methods for Determination of Static and Cyclic Fatigue Strength of Ceramic Modular Femoral Heads

    F2346-18 Standard Test Methods for Static and Dynamic Characterization of Spinal Artificial Discs

    F2347-15 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Hyaluronan as Starting Materials Intended for Use in Biomedical and Tissue Engineered Medical Product Applications

    F2381-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Trans-Vinylene Yield in Irradiated Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants by Infrared Spectroscopy

    F2382-18 Standard Test Method for Assessment of Circulating Blood-Contacting Medical Device Materials on Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)

    F2384-10(2016) Standard Specification for Wrought Zirconium-2.5Niobium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R60901)

    F2385-15(2019) Standard Practice for Determining Femoral Head Penetration into Acetabular Components of Total Hip Replacement Using Clinical Radiographs

    F2392-04(2015) Standard Test Method for Burst Strength of Surgical Sealants

    F2393-12(2016) Standard Specification for High-Purity Dense Magnesia Partially Stabilized Zirconia (Mg-PSZ) for Surgical Implant Applications

    F2394-07(2017) Standard Guide for Measuring Securement of Balloon Expandable Vascular Stent Mounted on Delivery System

    F2423-11(2016) Standard Guide for Functional, Kinematic, and Wear Assessment of Total Disc Prostheses

    F2450-18 Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    F2458-05(2015) Standard Test Method for Wound Closure Strength of Tissue Adhesives and Sealants

    F2459-18 Standard Test Method for Extracting Residue from Metallic Medical Components and Quantifying via Gravimetric Analysis

    F2477-19 Standard Test Methods for in vitro Pulsatile Durability Testing of Vascular Stents

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