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A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C04 VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE C07 LIME AND LIMESTONE C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES C11 GYPSUM AND RELATED BUILDING MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS C12 MORTARS AND GROUTS FOR UNIT MASONRY C13 CONCRETE PIPE C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C15 MANUFACTURED MASONRY UNITS C16 THERMAL INSULATION C17 FIBER-REINFORCED CEMENT PRODUCTS C18 DIMENSION STONE C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS C24 BUILDING SEALS AND SEALANTS C27 PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D07 WOOD D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D11 RUBBER D14 ADHESIVES D18 SOIL AND ROCK D20 PLASTICS D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E05 FIRE STANDARDS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E33 BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS E60 SUSTAINABILITY F01 ELECTRONICS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F16 FASTENERS F17 PLASTIC PIPING SYSTEMS F33 DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES F36 TECHNOLOGY AND UNDERGROUND UTILITIES G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D06 PAPER AND PAPER PRODUCTS D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D10 PACKAGING D11 RUBBER D12 SOAPS AND OTHER DETERGENTS D13 TEXTILES D14 ADHESIVES D15 ENGINE COOLANTS AND RELATED FLUIDS D20 PLASTICS D21 POLISHES D31 LEATHER E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E18 SENSORY EVALUATION E20 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS E41 LABORATORY APPARATUS E53 ASSET MANAGEMENT E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS F02 FLEXIBLE BARRIER PACKAGING F05 BUSINESS IMAGING PRODUCTS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F08 SPORTS EQUIPMENT, PLAYING SURFACES, AND FACILITIES F09 TIRES F10 LIVESTOCK, MEAT, AND POULTRY EVALUATION SYSTEMS F11 VACUUM CLEANERS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F14 FENCES F15 CONSUMER PRODUCTS F16 FASTENERS F24 AMUSEMENT RIDES AND DEVICES F26 FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT F27 SNOW SKIING F37 LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT F43 LANGUAGE SERVICES AND PRODUCTS F44 GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS A06 MAGNETIC PROPERTIES B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B02 NONFERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS B08 METALLIC AND INORGANIC COATINGS B09 METAL POWDERS AND METAL POWDER PRODUCTS B10 REACTIVE AND REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS C03 CHEMICAL-RESISTANT NONMETALLIC MATERIALS C08 REFRACTORIES C28 ADVANCED CERAMICS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D20 PLASTICS D30 COMPOSITE MATERIALS E01 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY FOR METALS, ORES, AND RELATED MATERIALS E04 METALLOGRAPHY E07 NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING E08 FATIGUE AND FRACTURE E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E13 MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY AND SEPARATION SCIENCE E28 MECHANICAL TESTING E29 PARTICLE AND SPRAY CHARACTERIZATION E37 THERMAL MEASUREMENTS E42 SURFACE ANALYSIS F01 ELECTRONICS F34 ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS F42 ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES G01 CORROSION OF METALS G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY
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Aerosol Products/Artists Pastels

Proposed standards for aerosol products and artists pastels are among the current activities of Subcommittee D01.57 on Artist Paints and Related Materials, part of ASTM International Committee D01 on Paint and Related Coatings, Materials and Applications.

Aspiration Potential of Aerosol Products

Self-pressurized aerosol containers that contain 10 percent or more petroleum distillates and come out as a stream can present an aspiration risk, since inhaling such fluids has been associated with chemical pneumonia. A proposed new ASTM standard, WK37409, Test Method for Measuring Aspiration Potential of Aerosol Products, is being developed to support the evaluation of such products to determine whether they require special child-resistant packaging.

“Under Canada’s Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, aerosol canisters that contain 10 percent or more petroleum distillates and expel their contents as a mist would not be expected to present an aspiration risk and would not require special child-resistant packaging,” says Woodhall Stopford, director of a toxicology laboratory at Duke University Medical Center that studies the safety of consumer products, and a D01.57 member. “Without using the test in this proposed standard, such products must be presumed to present a risk of aspiration and must have protective packaging. With testing using WK37409, manufacturers can be assured that such packaging is not necessary.”

D01.57 is currently recruiting laboratories and manufacturers of self-pressurized aerosol containers to participate in interlaboratory testing for WK37409.

Artists Pastels

A proposed new standard, WK37916, Specification for Artists Pastels, will provide the pastel industry with a benchmark standard to allow them to test colors so that pastels can withstand exposure to light without fading.

“Being able to rely on a color to remain the same is important to an artist,” says Michael Skalka, conservation administrator for the Conservation Division, National Gallery of Art, and chairman of D01.57. “Pastel paintings, like all other art forms where colors are blended or placed near other colors, maintain integrity and balance because the assumption is that the colors will remain the same over time. When colors fade, they upset the hue relationship in a painting, and the artwork loses the intent the artist wished to give it.”

According to Skalka, manufacturers will be the primary users of WK37916, once it has been approved, because it will provide them with tests to determine color lightfastness that must be done with sophisticated equipment or special outdoor testing. Manufacturers are also being sought for the ongoing development of WK37916.

Skalka also notes that, in addition to WK37409 and WK37916, D01.57 is also planning to develop proposed standards on inkjet inks for artists, rigid support panels for paintings and historical paint manufacturing. All interested parties are invited to join in the work of D01.57.

CONTACT Technical Information: (WK37409) Woodhall Stopford, Duke University Medical Center • Durham, N.C. • Phone: 919-286-5744 • (WK37916) Michael Skalka, National Gallery of Art • Landover, Md. • Phone: 202-842-6439 | ASTM Staff: Jeffrey Adkins • Phone: 610-832-9738 | Upcoming Meeting: Jan. 27-29, 2013 • January Committee Week • Jacksonville, Fla.

This article appears in the issue of Standardization News.