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Mid-Level Ethanol Fuel Blends

A new ASTM International specification is the first standard to identify the protocols necessary to blend mid-level ethanol fuels at the terminal and retail level that equal the fuel quality and performance expected from fuels meeting other ASTM fuel specifications.

The new standard, D7794, Practice for Blending Mid-Level Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Vehicles with Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines, was developed by ASTM Section D02.A0.02 on Oxygenated Fuels and Components, chaired by Marilyn Herman, president, Herman & Associates. D02.A0.02 is part of ASTM International Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants and includes representatives of the automobile, oil and ethanol industries, as well as state fuel quality regulators.

According to Kristin Moore, vice president, technical services, Renewable Fuels Association, and chair of the ASTM MLEB task group, regulatory concerns at the state level about fuels from blender pumps led to the development of D7794.

“Fuels like E20 and E30 are only legal for use in flexible-fuel vehicles, and the ethanol content in these fuels does not fall into the range of D5798, the flex fuel specification,” says Moore. w The need for a standard that would cover E20, E30 and other such fuels led to the development of D7794. Moore notes that state regulators, who have been concerned with the issue of blender pumps have been involved in the development of D7794 and have expressed their support of the standard.

The new standard will be used in the fuel distribution supply chain by terminals, marketers and retail station owners. According to its scope, D7794 applies to the blending of automotive spark-ignition engine fuels with ethanol concentrations greater than those suitable for conventional-fuel vehicles and less than the minimum ethanol content limits of D5798, Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines.

D7794 describes the required procedures for blending various mid-level ethanol fuel blends for flexible-fuel vehicles at the bulk distribution point or retail/commercial delivery site and addresses in detail various factors that need to be considered when blending these fuels, such as:

  • Selecting proper fuel components for blending;
  • Using a blending formula for targeting various concentrations;
  • Developing a quality assurance program to manage fuel quality; and,
  • Handling information for these fuels.

D02.A0.02 anticipates that many state regulatory agencies will adopt D7794 as a guide for blending mid-level ethanol fuels in their state.

“We believe D7794 to be a key technical support document for blender pumps and encourage both the regulatory community and fuel industry to utilize this information by either reference or adoption into fuel regulations,” says Moore. “In Subcommittee D02.A0, we continue to discuss cutting edge topics in the fuels industry and would highly encourage participation in the semiannual meetings.”

To purchase ASTM standards, visit www.astm.org and search by the standard designation, or contact ASTM Sales (phone: 877-909-ASTM; sales@astm.org).

CONTACT Technical Information: Kristin A. Moore, Renewable Fuels Association • Washington, D.C. • Phone: 309-830-6154 | ASTM Staff: David Bradley • Phone: 610-832-9681 | Upcoming Meeting: Dec. 2-6 • Norfolk, Va.

This article appears in the issue of Standardization News.