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A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C04 VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE C07 LIME AND LIMESTONE C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES C11 GYPSUM AND RELATED BUILDING MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS C12 MORTARS AND GROUTS FOR UNIT MASONRY C13 CONCRETE PIPE C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C15 MANUFACTURED MASONRY UNITS C16 THERMAL INSULATION C17 FIBER-REINFORCED CEMENT PRODUCTS C18 DIMENSION STONE C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS C24 BUILDING SEALS AND SEALANTS C27 PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D07 WOOD D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D11 RUBBER D14 ADHESIVES D18 SOIL AND ROCK D20 PLASTICS D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E05 FIRE STANDARDS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E33 BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS E60 SUSTAINABILITY F01 ELECTRONICS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F16 FASTENERS F17 PLASTIC PIPING SYSTEMS F33 DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES F36 TECHNOLOGY AND UNDERGROUND UTILITIES G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES D02 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, LIQUID FUELS, AND LUBRICANTS D03 GASEOUS FUELS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D15 ENGINE COOLANTS AND RELATED FLUIDS D18 SOIL AND ROCK D24 CARBON BLACK D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E17 VEHICLE - PAVEMENT SYSTEMS E21 SPACE SIMULATION AND APPLICATIONS OF SPACE TECHNOLOGY E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS F03 GASKETS F07 AEROSPACE AND AIRCRAFT F09 TIRES F16 FASTENERS F25 SHIPS AND MARINE TECHNOLOGY F37 LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT F38 UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS F39 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS F41 UNMANNED MARITIME VEHICLE SYSTEMS (UMVS) F44 GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT F45 DRIVERLESS AUTOMATIC GUIDED INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES
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InFocus

InFocus

Back to Basics — and Beyond

Manual 70 on Soil Compaction

Quality control of soil compaction is the subject of a new manual that brings together extensive experience in a wide variety of earth work projects, from foundation to backfill, and from roads and levees to other building applications. The new ASTM publication, Manual 70, Quality Control of Soil Compaction Using ASTM Standards, focuses on the proper use of ASTM standards in the process of compacting soil for various earth works. In addition, a companion CD, “ASTM Soil Compaction Standards,” has also been released; the CD collection includes numerous standards related to the topic.

“In all applications, the soil’s engineering properties can be improved and become more predictable with the proper degree of compaction,” says Don Shanklin, longtime member of ASTM International Committee D18 on Soil and Rock and current chairman of Subcommittee D18.17 on Rock for Erosion Control. Through the book’s discussion and summary of the tests needed to ensure that a compacted soil earthwork meets design specifications, owners, designers, contractors and inspectors will gain a better understanding of the soil compaction process and its various parts. That understanding should lead to quality project results.

The book addresses the basics of building high quality earthworks that meet specified design parameters, and the role of ASTM International standards in such construction. Government agency and private industry representatives contributed to the manual chapters, addressing such topics as:

  • Means, methods and mechanics of compaction,
  • Laboratory compaction tests,
  • Procedures for determining density or unit weight of soil in place,
  • Procedures for determining the water content of soils,
  • Quality control, and
  • Coordinating the use of laboratory and in place compaction testing methods.

“A feature that makes this manual unique is the combination of the recognition of the pioneers of soil mechanics engineering fundamentals and the discussions on using ASTM standards related to those fundamentals,” says Shanklin. “The principals of the fundamentals are timeless, but as technology develops new methods, the ASTM standards change to utilize these new technologies.”

Design and geotechnical engineers and field and testing laboratory technicians who work for engineering firms, government agencies or construction firms will find the contents of the manual, and the companion CD, useful. Instructors and their students involved in the design, construction and quality control of earth fills should also find the new materials helpful for training and education.

The companion CD, “ASTM Soil Compaction Standards,” will include 33 related ASTM International standard test methods and practices for measuring soil density in place and controlling soil water content, among other topics.

Together, these two new ASTM International offerings provide a comprehensive look at soil compaction and what it entails.These two new ASTM International offerings provide a comprehensive look at soil compaction and what it entails.

This article appears in the issue of Standardization News.