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A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C04 VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE C07 LIME AND LIMESTONE C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES C11 GYPSUM AND RELATED BUILDING MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS C12 MORTARS AND GROUTS FOR UNIT MASONRY C13 CONCRETE PIPE C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C15 MANUFACTURED MASONRY UNITS C16 THERMAL INSULATION C17 FIBER-REINFORCED CEMENT PRODUCTS C18 DIMENSION STONE C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS C24 BUILDING SEALS AND SEALANTS C27 PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D07 WOOD D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D11 RUBBER D14 ADHESIVES D18 SOIL AND ROCK D20 PLASTICS D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E05 FIRE STANDARDS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E33 BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS E60 SUSTAINABILITY F01 ELECTRONICS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F16 FASTENERS F17 PLASTIC PIPING SYSTEMS F33 DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES F36 TECHNOLOGY AND UNDERGROUND UTILITIES G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D06 D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D10 PACKAGING D11 RUBBER D12 SOAPS AND OTHER DETERGENTS D13 TEXTILES D14 ADHESIVES D15 ENGINE COOLANTS AND RELATED FLUIDS D20 PLASTICS D21 POLISHES D31 LEATHER E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E18 SENSORY EVALUATION E20 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS E41 LABORATORY APPARATUS E53 ASSET MANAGEMENT E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS F02 FLEXIBLE BARRIER PACKAGING F05 BUSINESS IMAGING PRODUCTS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F08 SPORTS EQUIPMENT, PLAYING SURFACES, AND FACILITIES F09 TIRES F10 LIVESTOCK, MEAT, AND POULTRY EVALUATION SYSTEMS F11 VACUUM CLEANERS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F14 FENCES F15 CONSUMER PRODUCTS F16 FASTENERS F24 AMUSEMENT RIDES AND DEVICES F26 FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT F27 SNOW SKIING F37 LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT F43 LANGUAGE SERVICES AND PRODUCTS F44 GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS A06 MAGNETIC PROPERTIES B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B02 NONFERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS B08 METALLIC AND INORGANIC COATINGS B09 METAL POWDERS AND METAL POWDER PRODUCTS B10 REACTIVE AND REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS C03 CHEMICAL-RESISTANT NONMETALLIC MATERIALS C08 REFRACTORIES C28 ADVANCED CERAMICS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D20 PLASTICS D30 COMPOSITE MATERIALS E01 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY FOR METALS, ORES, AND RELATED MATERIALS E04 METALLOGRAPHY E07 NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING E08 FATIGUE AND FRACTURE E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E13 MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY AND SEPARATION SCIENCE E28 MECHANICAL TESTING E29 PARTICLE AND SPRAY CHARACTERIZATION E37 THERMAL MEASUREMENTS E42 SURFACE ANALYSIS F01 ELECTRONICS F34 ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS F42 ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES G01 CORROSION OF METALS G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY D21 POLISHES D26 HALOGENATED ORGANIC SOLVENTS AND FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS D33 PROTECTIVE COATING AND LINING WORK FOR POWER GENERATION FACILITIES E05 FIRE STANDARDS E27 HAZARD POTENTIAL OF CHEMICALS E30 FORENSIC SCIENCES E34 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS E52 FORENSIC PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY E54 HOMELAND SECURITY APPLICATIONS E58 FORENSIC ENGINEERING F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F08 SPORTS EQUIPMENT, PLAYING SURFACES, AND FACILITIES F10 LIVESTOCK, MEAT, AND POULTRY EVALUATION SYSTEMS F12 SECURITY SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F15 CONSUMER PRODUCTS F18 ELECTRICAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR WORKERS F23 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT F26 FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT F32 SEARCH AND RESCUE F33 DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES G04 COMPATIBILITY AND SENSITIVITY OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D18 SOIL AND ROCK D19 WATER D20 PLASTICS D22 AIR QUALITY D34 WASTE MANAGEMENT D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E44 SOLAR, GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES E47 E48 BIOENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS E50 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, RISK MANAGEMENT AND CORRECTIVE ACTION E60 SUSTAINABILITY F20 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND OIL SPILL RESPONSE F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS G02 WEAR AND EROSION B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS C26 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE D02 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, LIQUID FUELS, AND LUBRICANTS D03 GASEOUS FUELS D05 COAL AND COKE D19 WATER D27 ELECTRICAL INSULATING LIQUIDS AND GASES D33 PROTECTIVE COATING AND LINING WORK FOR POWER GENERATION FACILITIES E10 NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS E44 SOLAR, GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES E48 BIOENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES D02 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, LIQUID FUELS, AND LUBRICANTS D03 GASEOUS FUELS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D15 ENGINE COOLANTS AND RELATED FLUIDS D18 SOIL AND ROCK D24 CARBON BLACK D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E17 VEHICLE - PAVEMENT SYSTEMS E21 SPACE SIMULATION AND APPLICATIONS OF SPACE TECHNOLOGY E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS F03 GASKETS F07 AEROSPACE AND AIRCRAFT F09 TIRES F16 FASTENERS F25 SHIPS AND MARINE TECHNOLOGY F37 LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT F38 UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS F39 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS F41 UNMANNED MARITIME VEHICLE SYSTEMS (UMVS) F44 GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT F45 DRIVERLESS AUTOMATIC GUIDED INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES D10 PACKAGING D11 RUBBER E31 HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS E54 HOMELAND SECURITY APPLICATIONS E55 MANUFACTURE OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS E56 NANOTECHNOLOGY F02 FLEXIBLE BARRIER PACKAGING F04 MEDICAL AND SURGICAL MATERIALS AND DEVICES F29 ANESTHETIC AND RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT F30 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES G04 COMPATIBILITY AND SENSITIVITY OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES C07 LIME AND LIMESTONE D14 ADHESIVES D16 AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND RELATED CHEMICALS D20 PLASTICS D26 HALOGENATED ORGANIC SOLVENTS AND FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS D28 ACTIVATED CARBON D32 CATALYSTS E13 MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY AND SEPARATION SCIENCE E15 INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIALTY CHEMICALS E27 HAZARD POTENTIAL OF CHEMICALS E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS E11 QUALITY AND STATISTICS E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E43 SI PRACTICE E55 MANUFACTURE OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS E56 NANOTECHNOLOGY F42 ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
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GreenScene

GreenScene

Environmentally Friendly Meetings Move to Center Stage

ASTM “Green Meeting” Standards Help Save Energy and Reduce Pollution

Thanks to work by ASTM International Subcommittee E60.02 on Hospitality, a set of ASTM standards now helps define best practices for ensuring that meetings and events are greener and more sustainable. Meetings and events are a big business, representing billions of dollars in economic activity for economies around the world, as well as large amounts of spending by corporations, organizations and individuals. To be sure, modern communication tools and “virtual” meetings have reduced some of the need for in-person meetings. However, meeting in person is still critical to sharing information and ideas and conducting business.

The ASTM standards — a joint effort of ASTM Committee E60 on Sustainability and the Accepted Practices Exchange, an initiative of the Convention Industry Council — can assist planners and suppliers in producing more environmentally friendly meetings. The standards (see list on page 22) are intended to be applicable for any planner or supplier seeking to improve the sustainability of their events or events services.

The standards concern a wide range of topics related to gathering, sheltering, feeding and entertaining groups. Each of the standards focuses on separate impact areas, including staff management and environmental policy, communications, waste, energy, air quality, water, procurement and community partners.

Lindsay Arell, LEED AP O+M,1 is on the board of directors for the Green Meeting Industry Council, serves as the sustainable programs manager at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, Colo., and is the current chair of E60.02. “My current focus is on getting the standards into use by industry,” says Arell. However, because of the breadth and depth of the standards, organizations aren’t always able to make the jump right away, she says. Therefore, Arell explains, she has especially emphasized getting organizations that provide sub-elements of events — food services, for example — to become certified, potentially making it easier for events to then become certified by extension. “We have begun to see more and more suppliers and venues take an interest,” she says.

Among the organizations that have pioneered adoption of the standards are McCormick Place in Chicago, Ill., and the Pennsylvania Convention Center in Philadelphia.

McCormick Place, owned by the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority, encompasses four state-of-the art buildings and attracts close to 3 million visitors annually. With a total of 2.6 million square feet (.24 square meters) of exhibition space, it is the largest convention center in North America.

According to Kevin Lavin, McCormick Place sustainability manager, the facility is committed to implementing sustainable initiatives. In fact, sustainability is one of McCormick’s top five business strategies. Examples include the facility’s switch to renewable energy and the LEED certification of the West Building in 2007.

In addition, in April 2013, McCormick Place achieved level one certification with ASTM standard E2774, Evaluation and Selection of Venues for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences.

“The MPEA operations department was performing recycling and some energy sustainability initiatives prior to the decision to attain the level one ASTM standard,” says Lavin. However, after reviewing the ASTM standard, “We realized many other areas in which the convention could advance sustainability measures,” he adds. Some of the changes that have been implemented since then include:

  • Recycling receptacles in the public areas, meeting rooms and on the exhibit floors;
  • A green purchasing policy;
  • Energy and water efficiency goals for the complex;
  • Efficient lighting fixtures/occupancy sensors;
  • Use of 100 percent wind RECs (renewable energy certificates) as a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Green Power Partner; and
  • Switching to high efficiency water fixtures.

Meanwhile, the Pennsylvania Convention Center, operated by SMG, a venue management, marketing and development company, has also moved ahead with a green program that embraces the ASTM International standards as a natural outgrowth of existing green commitments.

“Our facility is state of the art, with a LEED gold-certified expansion completed in 2011, and part of earning that designation means focusing on the green strategies that are most important to event planners,” says Peter Horch, director of event services. Then, when the facility hosted Greenbuild 2013 in November of last year, management targeted four goals: reducing overall materials used, increasing the materials reused, minimizing waste and educating stakeholders about waste generation. “Hosting this event helped to further our overall green goals here in Pennsylvania,” says Horch.

Working with Greenbuild organizers, SMG reviewed various industry standards and looked to adopt best industry practices. “We wanted to be sure that we used standards that the meetings industry would respect,” he says.

The greatest challenge in moving toward greener practices was in terms of waste removal and devising a system for a 2-million-square-foot (.19 million square meters) building; not an easy task because it required setting up a new waste stream. However, the results have been remarkable: improving from less than 10 percent waste recycling to more than 75 percent.

The PCC able to reduce the amount of waste that went into landfills, and it also managed to significantly change its use of energy, food waste and water. For example, the director of facilities oversaw the replacement of the metal halide lighting system in the city’s 12th Street underpass, adding 202 LED lights and reducing energy costs from $40,979 to $7,962 annually. Lighting in meeting rooms is also being updated. “We worked with our food and beverage partner, Aramark SFS, to compost food waste. And our housekeeping director has focused on our use of water through high efficiency toilets and other water conservation efforts,” says Lorenz Hassenstein, general manager at PCC.

Looking ahead, PCC has more plans. The facility began 2014 with a power contract that provides 25 percent renewable energy and also will help the bottom line. “Our commitments at the Pennsylvania Convention Center, which helped the city of Philadelphia earn a Top 10 Green Cities designation for 2014, is the result of a team effort with our partners focused on improving our standards,” Hassenstein says.

“This whole process could be embraced gradually at other venues and in other cities — moving through the greening process in increments,” adds Hassenstein, “and it would still have a tremendous impact on reducing waste, improving efficiency and reducing costs for event planners.”

The Green Meetings Standards

For organizations considering a move to sustainable meeting practices, the relevant standards under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee E60.02 on Hospitality are:

  • E2741, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Destinations for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2742, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Exhibits for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2743, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Transportation for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2745, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Audio Visual (AV) and Production for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2746, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Communication and Marketing Materials for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2747, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Onsite Offices for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2772, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Accommodations for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences;
  • E2773, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Food and Beverage for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows and Conferences; and
  • E2774, Specification for Evaluation and Selection of Venues for Environmentally Sustainable Meetings, Events, Trade Shows, and Conferences.

For an electronic subscription to these standards, go to www.astm.org/BOOKSTORE/COMPS/GREENMTGS.

Reference1.

LEED AP O+M is Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design accredited professional operations and maintenance.

ALAN R. EARLS is a writer and author who covers business and technology topics for newspapers, magazines and websites. He is based near Boston, Mass.

This article appears in the issue of Standardization News.