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A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS C01 CEMENT C04 VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE C07 LIME AND LIMESTONE C09 CONCRETE AND CONCRETE AGGREGATES C11 GYPSUM AND RELATED BUILDING MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS C12 MORTARS AND GROUTS FOR UNIT MASONRY C13 CONCRETE PIPE C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C15 MANUFACTURED MASONRY UNITS C16 THERMAL INSULATION C17 FIBER-REINFORCED CEMENT PRODUCTS C18 DIMENSION STONE C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS C24 BUILDING SEALS AND SEALANTS C27 PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D04 ROAD AND PAVING MATERIALS D07 WOOD D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D11 RUBBER D14 ADHESIVES D18 SOIL AND ROCK D20 PLASTICS D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E05 FIRE STANDARDS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E33 BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS E36 ACCREDITATION & CERTIFICATION E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS E60 SUSTAINABILITY F01 ELECTRONICS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F16 FASTENERS F17 PLASTIC PIPING SYSTEMS F33 DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES F36 TECHNOLOGY AND UNDERGROUND UTILITIES G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY C14 GLASS AND GLASS PRODUCTS C21 CERAMIC WHITEWARES AND RELATED PRODUCTS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D06 D09 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSULATING MATERIALS D10 PACKAGING D11 RUBBER D12 SOAPS AND OTHER DETERGENTS D13 TEXTILES D14 ADHESIVES D15 ENGINE COOLANTS AND RELATED FLUIDS D20 PLASTICS D21 POLISHES D31 LEATHER E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E18 SENSORY EVALUATION E20 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT E35 PESTICIDES, ANTIMICROBIALS, AND ALTERNATIVE CONTROL AGENTS E41 LABORATORY APPARATUS E53 ASSET MANAGEMENT E57 3D IMAGING SYSTEMS F02 FLEXIBLE BARRIER PACKAGING F05 BUSINESS IMAGING PRODUCTS F06 RESILIENT FLOOR COVERINGS F08 SPORTS EQUIPMENT, PLAYING SURFACES, AND FACILITIES F09 TIRES F10 LIVESTOCK, MEAT, AND POULTRY EVALUATION SYSTEMS F11 VACUUM CLEANERS F13 PEDESTRIAN/WALKWAY SAFETY AND FOOTWEAR F14 FENCES F15 CONSUMER PRODUCTS F16 FASTENERS F24 AMUSEMENT RIDES AND DEVICES F26 FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT F27 SNOW SKIING F37 LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT F43 LANGUAGE SERVICES AND PRODUCTS F44 GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT A01 STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND RELATED ALLOYS A04 IRON CASTINGS A05 METALLIC-COATED IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS A06 MAGNETIC PROPERTIES B01 ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS B02 NONFERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS B05 COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS B07 LIGHT METALS AND ALLOYS B08 METALLIC AND INORGANIC COATINGS B09 METAL POWDERS AND METAL POWDER PRODUCTS B10 REACTIVE AND REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS C03 CHEMICAL-RESISTANT NONMETALLIC MATERIALS C08 REFRACTORIES C28 ADVANCED CERAMICS D01 PAINT AND RELATED COATINGS, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS D20 PLASTICS D30 COMPOSITE MATERIALS E01 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY FOR METALS, ORES, AND RELATED MATERIALS E04 METALLOGRAPHY E07 NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING E08 FATIGUE AND FRACTURE E12 COLOR AND APPEARANCE E13 MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY AND SEPARATION SCIENCE E28 MECHANICAL TESTING E29 PARTICLE AND SPRAY CHARACTERIZATION E37 THERMAL MEASUREMENTS E42 SURFACE ANALYSIS F01 ELECTRONICS F34 ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS F42 ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES G01 CORROSION OF METALS G03 WEATHERING AND DURABILITY D08 ROOFING AND WATERPROOFING D18 SOIL AND ROCK D19 WATER D20 PLASTICS D22 AIR QUALITY D34 WASTE MANAGEMENT D35 GEOSYNTHETICS E06 PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS E44 SOLAR, GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES E47 E48 BIOENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS E50 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, RISK MANAGEMENT AND CORRECTIVE ACTION E60 SUSTAINABILITY F20 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND OIL SPILL RESPONSE F40 DECLARABLE SUBSTANCES IN MATERIALS G02 WEAR AND EROSION
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Features

IgCC Advances Sustainability

First Edition of International Green Construction Code Published

A three-year collaborative development process has culminated in the publication of the IgCC, which includes numerous ASTM International standards from 13 committees.

The decisions we make today regarding safety and sustainability — particularly those related to new and existing buildings, construction and energy — affect everyone’s future. Many standards development organizations like ASTM International and code developers collaborate to ensure that stakeholders have the best resources and tools to address their safety and sustainability needs.

In March 2012, the International Code Council published the International Green Construction Code, known as the IgCC, after a three-year collaborative development process. The ICC developed this model code with the collaboration of members of the ICC Sustainable Building Technology Committee, which includes a variety of architectural firms, professional organizations, government representatives and standards development organizations such as the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute, the American Institute of Architects, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASTM International, the Illuminating Engineering Society and the U.S. Green Building Council.

The IgCC serves as a model code focused on the safe and sustainable construction of new and existing commercial buildings. The code’s effectiveness as a tool to increase energy efficiency and complement green building rating systems is demonstrated by the number of states and local jurisdictions that have adopted the code, either as a mandatory or optional requirement. Since 2011, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island and select jurisdictions in Arizona, Colorado, Florida and Washington have adopted either the IgCC as a whole or select provisions of it to meet the jurisdiction’s needs.

IGCC References ASTM Sustainability Standards

There are 46 ASTM International standards cited in the code that represent the work of 13 ASTM technical committees:

  • C16 on Thermal Insulation;
  • D01 on Paint and Related Coatings, Materials and Applications;
  • D07 on Wood;
  • D08 on Roofing and Waterproofing;
  • D18 on Soil and Rock;
  • D19 on Water;
  • D20 on Plastics;
  • D22 on Air Quality;
  • E06 on Performance of Buildings;
  • E21 on Space Simulation and Applications of Space Technology;
  • E33 on Building and Environmental Acoustics;
  • E60 on Sustainability; and
  • F26 on Food Service Equipment.

The IgCC references Committee E60’s E2635, Practice for Water Conservation in Buildings Through In-Situ Water Reclamation, which describes an effective and relevant practice for water reuse in buildings while considering environmental, economic and social principles that affect all society. Through the use of technologies like in-situ water reclamation systems, the conservation of water enables a more sustainable use of water than in standard construction. Additionally, in-situ water reclamation systems help reduce building demand for potable water, thereby reducing burdens on municipal water supplies as well as utility costs and preventing moratoriums on new construction.

ASTM E1333, Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air and Emission Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber, is also referenced in the IgCC. This test method from Committee D07 provides a standard means of testing certain typical building products permanently installed in manufactured and conventional homes. While formaldehyde, a colorless, pungent gas, is an important chemical in the manufacture of building materials and numerous household products, ASTM’s test method helps to protect the health and safety of the public from the potentially detrimental health effects of overexposure to the gas.1 This test method is also used to determine compliance with federal requirements such as those established for building materials by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.2

The IgCC also references standards on soil and rock from ASTM Committee D18. ASTM D2974, Test Methods for Moisture, Ash and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils, is performed to determine the organic content of soils. Organic matter influences and links many of the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils by affecting the soil’s water holding capacity, nutrient contributions, biological activity and water and air infiltration rates. Organic content can aid the growth of crops by improving the soil’s ability to store and transmit air and water; it also mitigates the negative environmental effects of pesticides, heavy metals and other pollutants by binding contaminants.

Each of these standards, along with those from other standards development organizations, plays a critical role in advancing global sustainability and protecting public health and safety. The IgCC and the many ASTM standards referenced in it serve as a relevant and comprehensive tool and resource for policymakers, industry leaders, environmental advocates and the public. ASTM is pleased to have contributed to the IgCC and looks forward to continuing these important efforts through the development of new standards that enable innovation and the environmentally improved commercial buildings of the future.

References

1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): Formaldehyde,” www.epa.gov/iaq/formaldehyde.html.

2. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 24 CFR 3280, Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards.

Sarah Petre is manager of government and industry affairs for ASTM International.

This article appears in the issue of Standardization News.