Major Testing Techniques for Plastics: An Introduction
Discounted Rate Early Bird Discount: ASTM automatically applies a discount of 10% when participants register 60 days prior to the start of the class.
*After the early bird period expires, registrants are subject to standard pricing.
By the end of this course you will be able to:
- Describe basic principles, techniques, and equipment for commonly-used mechanical and analytical tests on polymeric materials,
- define mechanical properties, chemical analysis, combustibility, instrumental analysis, and thermal aging.
: This course emphasizes fundamentals rather than advanced theory.
Who Should Attend
- shop foremen,
- sales representatives,
- technical liaisons,
- professionals new to testing of plastics,
- process engineers,
- laboratory supervisors and managers accountable for quality assurance or product development, and
- anyone who needs knowledge of test methods.
Registration is anytime between 7:30 and 8:00 AM on the first day of class. Class begins at 8:00 AM on all three days and ends at approximately 4:30 PM on days one and two. Working through lunch, class ends at approximately 2:00 PM on day three.
- Basic Polymer Structure & Explanation of Terms
- Use of SQC charts, Collaborative Testing and Analyzing Test Data
- ASTM Organization and developing ASTM Standards
Introduction to Mechanical Properties and tests
- Viscoelastic Behavior: effects of time, temperature & speed of testing
- Force/Deformation Curves
- Static Tests: stress/strain relationships, terminology, instruments (tensile, compression flex)
- Impact Tests: Izod, Charpy, film tests
- Measuring Yield Point, Strain, 4 Kinds of Modulus, etc.
- Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA)
- Computerization & Automation
- Surface Properties, Tear Tests, Thermal Tests (heat deflection, coefficient of expansion, Vicat)
Introduction to Analytical Techniques
- Spectroscopy: infrared, Raman nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray, UV/visible, mass spectrometry
- Chromatography: gas, liquid, headspace GC, pyrolysis GC
- Permeation Methods: oxygen and water vapor transmission
- Thermal Methods: DSC, TGA, TMA
*Molecular Weight Characterization: viscosity, size exclusion, etc.
Application of Analytical & Mechanical Methods
- Additives: types, sample preparation, methods of analysis
- Foreign Materials in Plastics
- Polymer Residuals: headspace analysis by GC, LC
- Polymer: spectroscopy, molecular characterization
- Literature and instructor's examples related to product failure; use of multiple analytical and /or mechanical tests
- Aging Mechanisms and Rates
- Exposure Conditions
- Failure Examples
- Flame Spread: small-, medium-, and large-scale tests
- Heat Release; Smoke; Toxicity; Corrosion
The following standards will be distributed as representative samples:
- D882 Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
- D3895 Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
- D5296 Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
- D2103 Polyethylene Film and Sheeting
- Referenced ASTM standards
- Course notes
- Refreshment breaks
- A Certificate of Completion
- 2.1 CEUs.
About the Instructors
Charles G. Smith, a consultant, recently retired after 28 years in the analytical sciences laboratory of The Dow Chemical Co. There he developed methods, and applied chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques to the analysis of polymeric systems, including the application of pyrolysis techniques for the identification and characterization of polymers. He has published over 15 technical papers and is an active member of ASTM. Smith received a B.S degree from Allegheny College and an M.S. in analytical chemistry from the Univ. of Michigan.
Bob Lambert, a consultant, recently retired from Eastman Chemical Company after 35 years service. In addition to extensive experience in physical testing and color assessment, he has been involved in the development, manufacturing, quality assurance, and technical service aspects of the plastics industry throughout his career. He has actively participated in ASTM and SPE for many years and prior to retirement was the chairman of ASTM D20.40 Subcommittee on Optical Properties. He is a graduate of North Carolina State University.
About Sponsoring Committee
Established in 1898, ASTM is one of the world's largest voluntary standards development organizations. ASTM standards have grown to be among the world's most widely used and accepted documents. The 82-volume Annual Book of ASTM Standards contain over 13,000 standards written by 34,000 members on 140 technical committees. These standards are widely used throughout the world as the basis of purchasing and other contracts, codes, laws and regulations. The standards referenced in this course were developed by ASTM Committee D20 on Plastics. For information on Committee D20, contact Alyson Fick at (610) 832-9640 or go to our D20 technical committee page.
Attend this course and receive a FREE 1-year membership to ASTM International and Committee D20 on Plastics. (Applies to new members only and may not be used to renew existing memberships)
Attention: Professional Engineers
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On-Site Training Available
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How Learning Will Be Assessed
Learning will be assessed through a series of question and answer sessions.