Wood Standards

    ASTM's wood standards are instrumental in the evaluation and testing of the physical and chemical properties of a wide range of wood and wood-based products. Wooden materials covered here include timber, lumber, wood-base fibers, commercial softwoods and hardwoods, wood preservatives, laminated timber, and composite lumber to name a few. These materials are notably used in the fabrication of construction materials such as structural panels and members, construction poles, and log buildings. These wood standards are helpful in guiding wooden material and product manufacturers and end-users in their proper testing and fabrication procedures to ensure acceptable quality towards safe and satisfactory use.

    List of wood standards developed by ASTM:


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    Fire Performance of Wood

    DesignationTitle
    D2898 - 10 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing
    D3201 / D3201M - 13 Standard Test Method for Hygroscopic Properties of Fire-Retardant Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D5516 - 09 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Flexural Properties of Fire-Retardant Treated Softwood Plywood Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
    D5664 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Effects of Fire-Retardant Treatments and Elevated Temperatures on Strength Properties of Fire-Retardant Treated Lumber
    D6305 - 08 Standard Practice for Calculating Bending Strength Design Adjustment Factors for Fire-Retardant-Treated Plywood Roof Sheathing
    D6841 - 08 Standard Practice for Calculating Design Value Treatment Adjustment Factors for Fire-Retardant-Treated Lumber
    E69 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Combustible Properties of Treated Wood by the Fire-Tube Apparatus

    Forests

    DesignationTitle
    D5536 - 94(2010) Standard Practice for Sampling Forest Trees for Determination of Clear Wood Properties
    D7480 - 08(2014) Standard Guide for Evaluating the Attributes of a Forest Management Plan
    D7612 - 10 Standard Practice for Categorizing Wood and Wood-Based Products According to Their Fiber Sources

    Fundamental Test Methods and Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D143 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
    D198 - 14 Standard Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
    D1102 - 84(2013) Standard Test Method for Ash in Wood
    D1105 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Preparation of Extractive-Free Wood
    D1106 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood
    D1107 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Ethanol-Toluene Solubility of Wood
    D1108 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Dichloromethane Solubles in Wood
    D1109 - 84(2013) Standard Test Method for 1?% Sodium Hydroxide Solubility of Wood
    D1110 - 84(2013) Standard Test Methods for Water Solubility of Wood
    D1166 - 84(2013) Standard Test Method for Methoxyl Groups in Wood and Related Materials
    D1666 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Conducting Machining Tests of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    D1762 - 84(2013) Standard Test Method for Chemical Analysis of Wood Charcoal
    D2394 - 05(2011) Standard Test Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Base Finish Flooring
    D2395 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    D2555 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    D4442 - 07 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    D4444 - 13 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    D4761 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    D4933 - 99(2010) Standard Guide for Moisture Conditioning of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    D6782 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Standardization and Calibration of In-Line Dry Lumber Moisture Meters
    D6815 - 09 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Duration of Load and Creep Effects of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D6874 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Wood-Based Flexural Members Using Transverse Vibration
    D6958 - 03(2014) Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Side-Bonding Potential of Wood Coatings
    D7438 - 13 Standard Practice for Field Calibration and Application of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    D7469 - 12 Standard Test Methods for End-Joints in Structural Wood Products

    Lumber and Engineered Wood Products

    DesignationTitle
    D245 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Establishing Structural Grades and Related Allowable Properties for Visually Graded Lumber
    D1990 - 14 Standard Practice for Establishing Allowable Properties for Visually-Graded Dimension Lumber from In-Grade Tests of Full-Size Specimens
    D2915 - 10 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D3737 - 12 Standard Practice for Establishing Allowable Properties for Structural Glued Laminated Timber (Glulam)
    D3957 - 09 Standard Practices for Establishing Stress Grades for Structural Members Used in Log Buildings
    D5055 - 13e1 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    D5456 - 14a Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    D5457 - 12 Standard Specification for Computing Reference Resistance of Wood-Based Materials and Structural Connections for Load and Resistance Factor Design
    D6570 - 04(2010) Standard Practice for Assigning Allowable Properties for Mechanically Graded Lumber
    D7031 - 11 Standard Guide for Evaluating Mechanical and Physical Properties of Wood-Plastic Composite Products
    D7032 - 10a Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite Deck Boards and Guardrail Systems (Guards or Handrails)
    D7199 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Establishing Characteristic Values for Reinforced Glued Laminated Timber (Glulam) Beams Using Mechanics-Based Models
    D7341 - 14 Standard Practice for Establishing Characteristic Values for Flexural Properties of Structural Glued Laminated Timber by Full-Scale Testing
    D7374 - 08 Standard Practice for Evaluating Elevated Temperature Performance of Adhesives Used in End-Jointed Lumber
    D7470 - 08 Standard Practice for Evaluating Elevated Temperature Performance of End-Jointed Lumber Studs

    Panel Products

    DesignationTitle
    D1037 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    D1038 - 11 Standard Terminology Relating to Veneer and Plywood
    D1554 - 10 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    D2718 - 00(2011) Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Planar Shear (Rolling Shear)
    D2719 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Shear Through-the-Thickness
    D3043 - 00(2011) Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure
    D3044 - 94(2011) Standard Test Method for Shear Modulus of Wood-Based Structural Panels
    D3499 - 11 Standard Test Method for Toughness of Wood-Based Structural Panels
    D3500 - 90(2009) Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Tension
    D3501 - 05a(2011) Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
    D5582 - 00(2006) Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Levels from Wood Products Using a Desiccator
    D5651 - 13 Standard Test Method for Surface Bond Strength of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    D6007 - 02(2008) Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentration in Air from Wood Products Using a Small Scale Chamber
    D6643 - 01(2011) Standard Test Method for Testing Wood-Base Panel Corner Impact Resistance
    D7033 - 14 Standard Practice for Establishing Design Capacities for Oriented Strand Board (OSB) Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels
    D7433 - 13 Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Water Absorption of Overlaid Wood-Based Panels
    D7519 - 11 Standard Test Method for Internal Bond Strength and Thickness Swell of Cellulosic-Based Fiber and Particle Panels After Repeated Wetting
    D7770 - 12 Standard Test Method for Collection of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted During Simulated Manufacturing of Engineered Wood Products Via a Sealed Caul Plate Method
    E1333 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air and Emission Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber

    Pole and Pile Products

    DesignationTitle
    D25 - 12 Standard Specification for Round Timber Piles
    D1036 - 99(2012) Standard Test Methods of Static Tests of Wood Poles
    D2899 - 12 Standard Practice for Establishing Allowable Stresses for Round Timber Piles
    D3200 - 74(2012) Standard Specification and Test Method for Establishing Recommended Design Stresses for Round Timber Construction Poles
    D7381 - 07(2013) Standard Practice for Establishing Allowable Stresses for Round Timbers for Piles from Tests of Full-Size Material

    Terminology and Editorial

    DesignationTitle
    D9 - 12 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D1165 - 13 Standard Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods

    Treatments for Wood Products

    DesignationTitle
    D1413 - 07e1 Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    D1758 - 06 Standard Test Method of Evaluating Wood Preservatives by Field Tests with Stakes
    D2278 - 06 Standard Test Method for Field Evaluation of Wood Preservatives in Round Post-Size Specimens
    D3345 - 08 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Wood and Other Cellulosic Materials for Resistance to Termites
    D4445 - 10 Standard Test Method for Fungicides for Controlling Sapstain and Mold on Unseasoned Lumber (Laboratory Method)

    Wood Assemblies

    DesignationTitle
    D1761 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    D5124 - 96(2013) Standard Practice for Testing and Use of a Random Number Generator in Lumber and Wood Products Simulation
    D5652 - 95(2013) Standard Test Methods for Bolted Connections in Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D5764 - 97a(2013) Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    D5933 - 96(2013) Standard Specification for 2 5/8-in. and 4-in. Diameter Metal Shear Plates for Use in Wood Constructions
    D6513 - 08 Standard Practice for Calculating the Superimposed Load on Wood-frame Walls for Standard Fire-Resistance Tests
    D6555 - 03(2014) Standard Guide for Evaluating System Effects in Repetitive-Member Wood Assemblies
    D7147 - 11 Standard Specification for Testing and Establishing Allowable Loads of Joist Hangers
    D7672 - 13 Standard Specification for Evaluating Structural Capacities of Rim Board Products and Assemblies
    D7746 - 11 Standard Practice for Calculating the Superimposed Load on Wood-frame Floor-Ceiling Assemblies for Standard Fire-Resistance Tests

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards