Waste Management Standards

    ASTM's waste management standards provide the guides, practices, and test methods pertinent to the process of handling residential, commercial, and industrial wastes. This process involves the collection, transport, processing, and recycling or disposal (whichever is applicable) of waste materials for health, environmental, and/or aesthetic purposes. These waste management standards are indispensable to local government authorities, who are responsible for residential and metropolitan wastes, and industrial plants and laboratories, who are responsible for the wastes they generate.

    List of waste management standards developed by ASTM:


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    Analytical Methods

    DesignationTitle
    D4843 - 88(2009) Standard Test Method for Wetting and Drying Test of Solid Wastes
    D5198 - 09 Standard Practice for Nitric Acid Digestion of Solid Waste
    D5231 - 92(2008) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Composition of Unprocessed Municipal Solid Waste
    D5232 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Stability and Miscibility of a Solid, Semi-Solid, or Liquid Waste Material
    D5369 - 93(2008)e1 Standard Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction
    D5513 - 99(2009) Standard Practice for Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feedstreams and Waste for Trace Element Analysis
    D5530 - 94(2009) Standard Test Method for Total Moisture of Hazardous Waste Fuel by Karl Fischer Titrimetry
    D5829 - 96(2007) Standard Guide for Preparing a Training Program for Environmental Analytical Laboratories
    D5830 - 14 Standard Test Method for Solvents Analysis in Hazardous Waste Using Gas Chromatography
    D5839 - 96(2006) Standard Test Method for Trace Element Analysis of Hazardous Waste Fuel by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    D6010 - 12 Standard Practice for Closed Vessel Microwave Solvent Extraction of Organic Compounds from Solid Matrices
    D6050 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determination of Insoluble Solids in Organic Liquid Hazardous Waste
    D6052 - 97(2008) Standard Test Method for Preparation and Elemental Analysis of Liquid Hazardous Waste by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    D7858 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Bisphenol A in Soil, Sludge and Biosolids by Pressurized Fluid Extraction and Analyzed by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    D7968 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)

    Discharge of Organic Wastes into Sanitary Sewers

    DesignationTitle
    D5659 - 14 Standard Test Method for Chlorophenoxy Acid Herbicides in Waste Using HPLC

    Planning for Sampling

    DesignationTitle
    D4447 - 10 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
    D4687 - 14 Standard Guide for General Planning of Waste Sampling
    D4844 - 03(2009) Standard Guide for Air Monitoring at Waste Management Facilities for Worker Protection
    D5283 - 92(2009) Standard Practice for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Quality Assurance and Quality Control Planning and Implementation
    D5792 - 10 Standard Practice for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Development of Data Quality Objectives
    D5956 - 96(2006) Standard Guide for Sampling Strategies for Heterogeneous Wastes
    D6009 - 12 Standard Guide for Sampling Waste Piles
    D6044 - 96(2009) Standard Guide for Representative Sampling for Management of Waste and Contaminated Media
    D6051 - 96(2006) Standard Guide for Composite Sampling and Field Subsampling for Environmental Waste Management Activities
    D6232 - 08 Standard Guide for Selection of Sampling Equipment for Waste and Contaminated Media Data Collection Activities
    D6233 - 98(2009) Standard Guide for Data Assessment for Environmental Waste Management Activities
    D6250 - 98(2009) Standard Practice for Derivation of Decision Point and Confidence Limit for Statistical Testing of Mean Concentration in Waste Management Decisions
    D6311 - 98(2014) Standard Guide for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Selection and Optimization of Sampling Design
    D6323 - 12e1 Standard Guide for Laboratory Subsampling of Media Related to Waste Management Activities
    D6597 - 10 Standard Practice for Assessment of Attaining Clean Up Level for Site Closure
    D6842 - 02(2007) Standard Guide for Designing Cost-Effective Sampling and Measurement Plans by Use of Estimated Uncertainty and Its Components in Waste Management Decision-Making
    D6956 - 11 Standard Guide for Demonstrating and Assessing Whether a Chemical Analytical Measurement System Provides Analytical Results Consistent with Their Intended Use
    D6982 - 09 Standard Practice for Detecting Hot Spots Using Point-Net (Grid) Search Patterns
    D7294 - 13 Standard Guide for Collecting Treatment Process Design Data at a Contaminated Site—A Site Contaminated With Chemicals of Interest

    Sampling Equipment

    DesignationTitle
    D5358 - 93(2014) Standard Practice for Sampling with a Dipper or Pond Sampler
    D5451 - 93(2012) Standard Practice for Sampling Using a Trier Sampler
    D5495 - 03(2011) Standard Practice for Sampling With a Composite Liquid Waste Sampler (COLIWASA)
    D5633 - 04(2012) Standard Practice for Sampling with a Scoop
    D6418 - 09 Standard Practice for Using the Disposable En Core Sampler for Sampling and Storing Soil for Volatile Organic Analysis
    D6538 - 12 Standard Guide for Sampling Wastewater With Automatic Samplers
    D6640 - 01(2010) Standard Practice for Collection and Handling of Soils Obtained in Core Barrel Samplers for Environmental Investigations
    D6699 - 01(2010) Standard Practice for Sampling Liquids Using Bailers
    D6759 - 09 Standard Practice for Sampling Liquids Using Grab and Discrete Depth Samplers
    D6907 - 05(2010) Standard Practice for Sampling Soils and Contaminated Media with Hand-Operated Bucket Augers
    D7353 - 07(2013) Standard Practice for Sampling of Liquids in Waste Management Activities Using a Peristaltic Pump

    Sampling Techniques

    DesignationTitle
    D4448 - 01(2013) Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    D4547 - 09 Standard Guide for Sampling Waste and Soils for Volatile Organic Compounds
    D5013 - 89(2009) Standard Practices for Sampling Wastes from Pipes and Other Point Discharges
    D5658 - 13 Standard Practice for Sampling Unconsolidated Waste From Trucks
    D5679 - 95a(2012) Standard Practice for Sampling Consolidated Solids in Drums or Similar Containers
    D5680 - 14 Standard Practice for Sampling Unconsolidated Solids in Drums or Similar Containers
    D5743 - 97(2013) Standard Practice for Sampling Single or Multilayered Liquids, With or Without Solids, in Drums or Similar Containers
    D6063 - 11 Standard Guide for Sampling of Drums and Similar Containers by Field Personnel
    D6661 - 10 Standard Practice for Field Collection of Organic Compounds from Surfaces Using Wipe Sampling
    D7204 - 07 Standard Practice for Sampling Waste Streams on Conveyors
    D7831 - 13 Standard Practice for Sampling of Tanks by Field Personnel
    E884 - 82(2012) Standard Practice for Sampling Airborne Microorganisms at Municipal Solid-Waste Processing Facilities

    Screening Methods

    DesignationTitle
    D4978 - 95(2007) Standard Test Methods for Screening of Reactive Sulfides in Waste
    D4979 - 12 Standard Test Method for Physical Description Screening Analysis in Waste
    D4981 - 12 Standard Test Method for Screening of Oxidizers in Waste
    D4982 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Flammability Potential Screening Analysis of Waste
    D5057 - 10 Standard Test Method for Screening Apparent Specific Gravity and Bulk Density of Waste
    D5058 - 12 Standard Practices for Compatibility of Screening Analysis of Waste
    D5831 - 09 Standard Test Method for Screening Fuels in Soils
    D5928 - 96(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Screening of Waste for Radioactivity
    D7203 - 11 Standard Practice for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor

    Site Remediation

    DesignationTitle
    D5745 - 09 Standard Guide for Developing and Implementing Short-Term Measures or Early Actions for Site Remediation

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    D5681 - 13 Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management

    Treatment, Recovery and Reuse

    DesignationTitle
    D5050 - 08 Standard Guide for Commercial Use of Lime Kiln Dusts and Portland Cement Kiln Dusts
    D5359 - 98(2010) Standard Specification for Glass Cullet Recovered from Waste for Use in Manufacture of Glass Fiber
    D5370 - 14 Standard Specification for Pozzolanic Blended Materials in Construction Applications
    D5468 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific and Ash Value of Waste Materials
    D5759 - 12 Standard Guide for Characterization of Coal Fly Ash and Clean Coal Combustion Fly Ash for Potential Uses
    D5929 - 96(2009) Standard Test Method for Determining Biodegradability of Materials Exposed to Municipal Solid Waste Composting Conditions by Compost Respirometry
    D5975 - 96(2010) Standard Test Method for Determining the Stability of Compost by Measuring Oxygen Consumption
    D6270 - 08(2012) Standard Practice for Use of Scrap Tires in Civil Engineering Applications
    D6346 - 98(2009) Standard Guide for Accepting, Segregating and Packaging Materials Collected Through Household Hazardous Waste Programs
    D6498 - 99(2007) Standard Guide for Household Hazardous Waste Training Outline for Household Hazardous Waste Collection Operations
    D6700 - 01(2013) Standard Practice for Use of Scrap Tire-Derived Fuel
    E688 - 94(2011) Standard Test Methods for Waste Glass as a Raw Material for Glass Manufacturing
    E701 - 80(2010) Standard Test Methods for Municipal Ferrous Scrap
    E702 - 85(2010) Standard Specification for Municipal Ferrous Scrap
    E708 - 79(2011) Standard Specification for Waste Glass as a Raw Material for the Manufacture of Glass Containers
    E775 - 87(2008)e1 Standard Test Methods for Total Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
    E776 - 87(2009) Standard Test Method for Forms of Chlorine in Refuse-Derived Fuel
    E777 - 08 Standard Test Method for Carbon and Hydrogen in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
    E778 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Nitrogen in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
    E790 - 08 Standard Test Method for Residual Moisture in a Refuse-Derived Fuel Analysis Sample
    E791 - 08 Standard Test Method for Calculating Refuse-Derived Fuel Analysis Data from As-Determined to Different Bases
    E850 - 10 Standard Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill
    E887 - 88(2009) Standard Test Method for Silica in Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) and RDF Ash
    E889 - 82(2014) Standard Test Method for Composition or Purity of a Solid Waste Materials Stream
    E953 / E953M - 08 Standard Test Method for Fusibility of Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) Ash
    E955 - 88(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Characteristics of Refuse-Derived Fuel Macrosamples
    E956 - 83(2010) Standard Classification for Municipal-Mixed Nonferrous Metals (MNM)
    E959 - 83(2010) Standard Test Method for Characterizing the Performance of Refuse Size-Reduction Equipment
    E1037 - 84(2009) Standard Test Method for Measuring Particle Size Distribution of RDF-5
    E1107 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Throughput of Resource-Recovery Unit Operations
    E1108 - 86(2009) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Recovery of a Product in a Materials Separation Device
    E1109 - 86(2009) Standard Test Method for Determining the Bulk Density of Solid Waste Fractions
    E1248 - 90(2009) Standard Practice for Shredder Explosion Protection
    E1266 - 12 Standard Practice for Processing Mixtures of Lime, Fly Ash, and Heavy Metal Wastes in Structural Fills and Other Construction Applications

    Waste Leaching Techniques

    DesignationTitle
    D3987 - 12 Standard Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
    D4646 - 03(2008) Standard Test Method for 24-h Batch-Type Measurement of Contaminant Sorption by Soils and Sediments
    D4793 - 09 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Water
    D4874 - 95(2014) Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    D5233 - 92(2009) Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    D5284 - 09 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Acidic Extraction Fluid
    D5744 - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Weathering of Solid Materials Using a Humidity Cell
    D6234 - 13 Standard Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards